The Benefits of and Challenges to Implement 5D BIM in Construction Industry
The Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry is known as one of the prominent sectors contributing to economic in Iraq. On the other hand, this sector suffers from poor quality, poor communication, and cost overruns and delay project completion. Time and cost estimation are two major critical processes in construction management, to conduct estimation must plans and specification are completed. Manually estimate is time consuming and error prone because human activities. Building information modelling (BIM) can be used to automate these processes in short time and accurate estimate, BIM is a relative new technology in architect, engineering, and construction industry (AEC), which has a major effect in construction industry practices. The 3D model is the geometry model and when attached time will be 4D and 5D when attached cost. The aim of this study is to provide clear understanding about 5D BIM in Iraqi construction industry by investigating benefits, challenges, and motivation factors that helps in applying it. The results show that the awareness rate of Iraqi engineers about BIM is actually weak with 67.5% of respondents, main advantages of BIM technology are collaboration, digital representation, visualization, effective QTO tool, and reduce change order, respectively, the main challenges that facing BIM are culture resistance, thoughts recent software and traditional approach are enough of 5D BIM tools, respectively; the main motivation factors that help in BIM adoption are adapted in universities and government support. The Iraqi construction industry is remained behind in adopting the BIM capabilities related to time (4D BIM) and cost management (5D BIM). This research helps as a stepping-stone to study further to promoting BIM application in the Iraqi construction industry.
Becerik-Gerber, Burcin, and Samara Rice. “The Perceived Value of Building Information Modeling in the US Building Industry.” Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon) 15, no. 15 (2010): 185–201.
Gallaher, Michael P., Alan C. O’Connor, John L. Dettbarn, Jr., and Linda T. Gilday. “Cost Analysis of Inadequate Interoperability in the U.S. Capital Facilities Industry” (August 2004). doi:10.6028/nist.gcr.04-867.
Azhar, Salman, Abid Nadeem, Johnny Y N Mok, and Brian H Y Leung. “Building Information Modeling (BIM): A New Paradigm for Visual Interactive Modeling and Simulation for Construction Projects.” In Proc., First International Conference on Construction in Developing Countries, 1:435–46, 2008.
Leite, Fernanda, Asli Akcamete, Burcu Akinci, Guzide Atasoy, and Semiha Kiziltas. “Analysis of Modeling Effort and Impact of Different Levels of Detail in Building Information Models.” Automation in Construction 20, no. 5 (August 2011): 601–609. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2010.11.027.
Group, Allen Consulting. “Productivity in the Buildings Network: Assessing the Impacts of Building Information Models.” Built Environment Industry Innovation Council Melbourne, VIC, 2010.
Construction, McGraw-Hill. “The Business Value of BIM in North America: Multi-Year Trend Analysis and User Ratings (2007-2012).” Smart Market Report, 2012.
Popov, Vladimir, Darius Migilinskas, Virgaudas Juocevicius, and Saulius Mikalauskas. “Application of Building Information Modelling and Construction Process Simulation Ensuring Virtual Project Development Concept in 5D Environment.” ISARC 2008 -Proceedings from the 25th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (June 26, 2008). doi:10.22260/isarc2008/0090.
Arayici, Yusuf, C O Egbu, S P Coates, and others. “Building Information Modelling (BIM) Implementation and Remote Construction Projects: Issues, Challenges, and Critiques.” Journal of Information Technology in Construction 17 (2012): 75–92.
Memon, A.H., et al., BIM in Malaysian Construction Industry: Status, Advantages, Barriers and Strategies to Enhance the Implementation Level. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 2014. 8(5): p. 606-614. doi:10.19026/rjaset.8.1012.
Nagalingam, Gayathri, Himal Suranga Jayasena, and KATO Ranadewa. “Building Information Modelling and Future Quantity Surveyor’s Practice in Sri Lankan Construction Industry.” In Second World Construction Symposium, 81–92, 2013.
Innovation, C R C Construction. “Adopting BIM for Facilities Management: Solutions for Managing the Sydney Opera House.” Cooperative Research Center for Construction Innovation, Brisbane, Australia, 2007.
Eastman, C.M., et al., BIM handbook: A Guide to Building Information Modeling for Owners, Managers, Designers, Engineers and Contractors. 2nd Edition ed. 2011, United States: John Wiley & Sons. doi: 10.5130/ajceb.v12i3.2749.
Kekana, C.O. Aigbavboa, and W.D. Thwala. Building Information Modelling (BIM): Barriers in Adoption and Implementation Strategies in the South Africa Construction Industry. In International Conference on Emerging Trends in Computer and Image Processing. 2014. Thailand.
Smith, D.K. and M. Tardif, Building Information Modeling: A Strategic Implementation Guide for Architects, Engineers, Constructors, and Real Estate Asset Managers. 1st Edition ed. 2009, United States: John Wiley & Sons. doi: 10.1002/9780470432846.
Kymmell, Willem. Building Information Modeling: Planning and Managing Construction Projects with 4D CAD and Simulations (McGraw-Hill Construction Series): Planning and Managing Construction Projects with 4D CAD and Simulations. McGraw Hill Professional, 2007.
Wu, Song, Gerard Wood, Kanchana Ginige, and Siaw Wee Jong. “A Technical Review of BIM Based Cost Estimating in UK Quantity Surveying Practice, Standards and Tools.” Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITCon) 19 (2014): 534–62.
Ahmad, M.A., Peter Demian , and Andrew D.F Price. BIM Implementation Plans: A Comparative Analysis. In: Smith, S. D., (Ed). 28th Annual ARCOM Conference, 3-5 September 2012, Edinburgh, UK: Association of Researchers in Construction Management. 2012.
Azhar, Salman. “Building Information Modeling (BIM): Trends, Benefits, Risks, and Challenges for the AEC Industry.” Leadership and Management in Engineering 11, no. 3 (July 2011): 241–252. doi:10.1061/(asce)lm.1943-5630.0000127.
Schade, J., T. Olofsson, and M. Schreyer, Decision‐making in a model‐based design process. Construction management and Economics, 2011. 29(4): p. 371-382. doi: 10.1080/01446193.2011.552510.
Hergunsel, M.F., Benefits of Building Information Modeling for Construction Managers and BIM Based Scheduling. 2011.
Abanda, F.H., C. Vidalakis, A.H. Oti, and J.H.M. Tah. “A Critical Analysis of Building Information Modelling Systems Used in Construction Projects.” Advances in Engineering Software 90 (December 2015): 183–201. doi:10.1016/j.advengsoft.2015.08.009.
Abu-Hamd, Metwally, Dina A Saad, and Mohamed Masoud. “Application of 4d and 5d Bim in Cold-Formed Steel Residential Buildings,” 2016.
Arayici, Y., et al. Towards Implementation of Building Information Modelling in the Construction Industry. In Fifth International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century (CITC-V). 2009. Istanbul, Turkey. doi: 10.13140/2.1.3776.6080.
Arayici, Y., et al., Technology adoption in the BIM implementation for lean architectural practice. Automation in Construction, 2011. 20(2): p. 189-195. doi: 10.1016/j.autcon.2010.09.016.
Kullvén, Fredrik, and Katrine Nyberg. “Possibilities with BIM in Relation to Cost Estimation and Scheduling.” Master of Science Thesis in the Master Programme Design and Construction Project Management for Division of Construction Management, CHALMERS University of Technology, Sweden), 2014.
Stanley, Ryan, and Derek Pierre Thurnell. “The Benefits of, and Barriers to, Implementation of 5D BIM for Quantity Surveying in New Zealand.” Construction Economics and Building 14, no. 1 (March 26, 2014): 105–117. doi:10.5130/ajceb.v14i1.3786.
Tulenheimo, Risto. “Challenges of Implementing New Technologies in the World of BIM – Case Study from Construction Engineering Industry in Finland.” Procedia Economics and Finance 21 (2015): 469–477. doi:10.1016/s2212-5671(15)00201-4.
Navendren, Dharshana, Patrick Manu, Mark Shelbourn, and Abdul-M Mahamadu. “Challenges to Building Information Modelling Implementation in UK: Designers’ Perspectives,” 2014.
Lee, C. “BIM: Changing the AEC Industry. PMI Global Congress 2008.” Project Management Institute, Denver, Colorado, USA, 2008.
Kuehmeier, Joseph Carl. “Building Information Modeling and Its Impact on Design and Construction Firms.” University of Florida, 2008.
Shen, Weilin, Qiping Shen, and Quanbin Sun. “Building Information Modeling-Based User Activity Simulation and Evaluation Method for Improving Designer–user Communications.” Automation in Construction 21 (January 2012): 148–160. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2011.05.022.
Al-Ageeli, Hatem Khaleefah, and Abdul Salam J Ali Alzobaee. “The Most Influential Factor on the Stumble and Failure of the Governmental Projects.” Journal of Engineering 22, no. 2 (2016): 93–110.
Bryde, David, Martí Broquetas, and Jürgen Marc Volm. “The Project Benefits of Building Information Modelling (BIM).” International Journal of Project Management 31, no. 7 (October 2013): 971–980. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2012.12.001.
Goucher, D, and N Thurairajah. “Advantages and Challenges of Using BIM: A Cost Consultant’s Perspective.” In 49th ASC Annual International Conference, California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), San Luis Obispo, California, 2012.
Nazar, N. “Using the Virtual Building Technology for Quantity Surveying of Buildings.” Master Thesis, University of Baghdad, 2014.
Porwal, Atul, and Kasun N. Hewage. “Building Information Modeling (BIM) Partnering Framework for Public Construction Projects.” Automation in Construction 31 (May 2013): 204–214. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2012.12.004.
Newton, Kym, Nicholas Chileshe, and others. “Enablers and Barriers of Building Information Modelling (BIM) within South Australian Construction Organisations.” University of New South Wales, 2011.
NBS, NBS International BIM Report. UK: The National BIM Library, 2016.
Liu, Shijing, Benzheng Xie, Linda Tivendal, and Chunlu Liu. “Critical Barriers to BIM Implementation in the AEC Industry.” International Journal of Marketing Studies 7, no. 6 (November 30, 2015): 162. doi:10.5539/ijms.v7n6p162.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2019 AMJED Naeem HASAN
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.