Numerical Analysis of Energy Loss Coefficient in Pipe Contraction Using ANSYS CFX Software
The purpose of this study is the numerical analysis of energy loss coefficient in pipe contraction using ANSYS CFX software. To this end, the effect of the dimensionless parameters of Euler number, Reynolds number, and relative roughness on energy loss coefficient has been investigated and eventually an overall formula to determine the energy loss coefficient in these transitions has been provided. In order to solve the fluid turbulence equations in the pipe, standard K-Epsilon model has been used. For this purpose, first the geometry of pipe transitions was designed in 3-D, using Solid Works software, and then the transitions were meshed by ANSYS MESHING. The initial simulation of transitions including boundary conditions of outlet, inlet and wall, was carried out by a pre-processor called CFX-PRE. Furthermore, to solve the equations governing the fluid flow in the pipes (Navier-Stokes equations) the CFX-SOLVER was used. And finally, the results were extracted using a post-processor called CFD-POST.
The results indicated that the energy loss coefficient, contrary to the findings of previous researchers, is not only related to transition geometry, but also is dependent on the Reynolds number, relative roughness of the wall and Euler number. By increasing the Reynolds Number and turbulence of fluid flow in transitions, the energy loss coefficient is reduced. Moreover, by increasing the relative roughness in the transition’s wall the energy loss coefficient is reduced. The increase in pressure fluctuation causes the increase of Euler number which leads to the linear increase of energy loss coefficient.
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