Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis Using the New Correlation Relationships for Magnitude Scales
Amol is one of the oldest cities located in north of Iran, Mazandaran province, and its history dates back to the pre-Islamic period. Amol is a city with an area about 3000 square kilometers, a population exceeding 370,000, and includes the old and famous neighborhoods that have a religious, commercial, and service with a long history background. Considering the importance of buildings constructed in this city and the need for their preservation and restoration on one hand, and the occurrence of many severe earthquakes in the past centuries, as well as the recent earthquakes of the last century, on the other hand, encourage us to study the seismicity of this city. Therefore, in this paper, by considering the historical and instrumental earthquakes recorded within a radius of 150 km around this city and the seismic mechanism of the faults located in this region, probabilistic seismic hazard analysis of the area is studied. Then, using the probabilistic relations of the seismic hazard analysis of the Kijko 2000 computer program, the seismicity parameters and the return periods of the earthquake magnitudes are obtained for the area, and at the end, the horizontal peak ground acceleration is zoned for this city.
Cornell, C.A. “Engineering seismic risk analysis.” Bulletin of Seismological Society of America (October 1968): 1583-1606. Vol 58, No. 5.
Wells, D. L., and Coppersmith, K. J. “New empirical relationships among magnitude, rupture length, rupture width, rupture area, and surface displacement.” Bulletin of Seismological Society of America (August 1994): 974-1002. Vol. 84. No. 4.
Wyss, M. “Estimation maximum expected magnitude of earthquakes from fault dimensions.” Geology (July 1979): 336-340. vol. 7. Doi: 10.1130/0091-7613.1979.07.336.
Bonila, M. G., and Markad, R. K., and Lienkaemper, J. J. “Statistical relations among earthquake magnitude, surface rupture length, and surface rupture displacement.” Bulletin of Seismological Society of America (December 1984): 2379-2411. Vol. 4.
Nowroozi A.A. “Empirical relations between magnitude and fault parameters for earthquakes in Iran.” Bulletin of Seismological Society of America (October 1985): 1327-1338. Vol. 75. No. 5.
Zare M. “Reasonable relationship for magnitude, intensity, and peak horizontal acceleration based on Iranian earthquakes.” Journal of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology. (1995): 12-14. Vol. 6.
Gutenberg, B., Richter, C.F. “Seismisity of the Earth and Associated Phenomena. Eleventh Edition.” Published by Sagwan Press (August 24, 2015). doi:10.1111/j.2153-3490.1950.tb00313.
Kijko, A. and Sellevoll, M.A. “Estimation of earthquake hazard parameters from incomplete data files. Part I. Utilization of extreme and complete catalogs with different threshold magnitudes.” Bulletin of Seismological Society of America (June 1989): 645-654. Vol. 79. No. 3.
Kijko, A. and Sellevoll, M.A. “Estimation of earthquake hazard parameters from incomplete data files. Part ІІ. Incorporation of magnitude hete0rogeneity.” Bulletin of Seismological Society of America (February 1992): 120-134. Vol. 82. No. 1.
Gardner, J. K. and Knopoff, L. “Is the sequence of earthquake in southern California, with aftershocks removed, Poissonian?” Bulletin of Seismological Society of America (October 1974): 1363-1367. Vol. 64. No. 5.
Trifunac, M. D., and Brady, A. G. “Correlations of peak acceleration, velocity and displacement with earthquake magnitude, distance and site conditions.” Earthquake Engineering and structural dynamics (July 1976): 455-471. doi:10.1002/eqe.4290040504.
Abrahamson, N. A., and Silva, W. J. “Empirical response spectral attenuation relations for shallow crustal earthquakes.” Seismological Research Letters (January1997): 94-127. doi: 10.1785/gssrl.68.1.94.
Sarma, S. K., and Srbulov, M. “A uniform estimation of some basic ground motion parameters.” Journal of Earthquake Engineering (October 1998): 267-287. doi: 10.1080/13632469809350322.
Ambraseys, N. N., Simpson, K. A., and Bommer, J. J. “Prediction of Horizontal Response Spectra in Europe.” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics (April 1996): 371-400. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-9845.
Ambraseys, N. N., and Douglas, J. “Near-field Horizontal and Vertical Earthquake Ground Motions.” Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering (August 2003): 1-18. doi: 10.1016/S0267-7261(02)00153-7.
Campbell, K. W., and Bozorgnia, Y. “Updated Near-Source Ground Motion Relations for the Horizontal and Vertical Components of Peak Ground Acceleration and Acceleration Response Spectra.” Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (December 2004): 314-331. doi: 10.1785/0120040147.
Ramazi, H.R. and Schenk, V. “Preliminary results obtained from strong ground motion analyses of Iranian earthquakes.” Proceeding of the 24th General Assembly of the ESC (June 1994): 1762-1770. Vol. 3.
Zare, M., Ghafory-Ashtiany, M. and Bard, P.Y. “Attenuation law for the strong-motion in Iran.” Proceeding of the 3th International Conference on Seismology and Earthquake Engineering (December 1999): 345-354. Vol. 1.
Ghodrati Amiri, G., Mahdavian, A. and Manouchehri, F. “Attenuation relationship for Iran.” Journal of Earthquake Engineering (July 2007), 469-492. doi: 10.1080/13632460601034049.
Ghodrati Amiri, G., Khorasani, M., Mirza Hesabi, R., and Razavian Amrei, S.A. “Ground-Motion Prediction Equations of Spectral ordinates and Arias Intensity for Iran.” Journal of Earthquake Engineering (December 2009): 1-29. doi: 10.1080/13632460902988984.
Sharma, L. M., Douglas, J., Bungum, H., and Kotadia, J. “Ground-Motion Prediction Equations Based on Data from the Himalayan and Zagros Regions.” Journal of Earthquake Engineering (November 2009), 1191-1210. doi: 10.1080/13632460902859151.
Yazdani, A. and kowsari, M. “Earthquake ground-motion prediction equations for northern Iran.” Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards (July 2013): 1877-1894. doi: 10.1007/s11069-013-0778-8.
Campbell, K. W., and Bozorgnia, Y. “NGA-West2 Ground Motion Model for the Average Horizontal Components of PGA, PGV, and 5% Damped Linear Acceleration Response Spectra.” Earthquake Spectra (August 2014): 1087-1115. doi: 10.1193/062913EQS175M.
Nowroozi, A.A. and Ahmadi, G. “Earthquake risk in Iran based on seismotectonics provinces.” Journal of Tectonophysics (February 1986): 89-114. doi: 10.1016/0040-1951(86)90160-5.
Tavakoli, B. and Ghafori A.M. “Seismic Hazard Assessment of Iran.” Annali di Geofisika (December 1999): 1013-1021. doi: 10.4401/ag-3781.
Ghodrati, A. G., Motamed, R., and Rabet E. H. “Seismic Hazard Assessment of Metropolitan Tehran, Iran.” Journal of Earthquake Engineering (February 2003): 347-372. doi: 10.1080/13632460309350453.
Razavian, A.A., Ghodrati, A. G., and Khodadadi, E. “Seismic Hazard Analysis and Obtaining Uniform Hazard Spectra for Esfahan Region, Iran.” Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering (June 2014): 1-18. doi: 10.22075/jrce.2014.202.
Ghodrati, A. G., Kaveh, A. and Razavian, A.A. “Probabilistic seismic hazard assessment of Sanandaj, Iran.” Structural Engineering Mechanics (July 2009): 456-468. doi: 10.12989/sem.2009.32.4.563.
IRCOLD: Iranian Committee of Large Dams. “Relationship between MS and mb.” Internal Report. (1994).
Mirzaei, N. “Basic parameters of earthquakes in Iran.” Geophysics Institute of Tehran University. (2002).
Alizadeh, B., Pourzeynali, S. and Jamshidi, R.C. “Introduction valid correlation between the earthquake magnitude scales in Iran.” 6th National Congress of Civil Engineering (April. 25-26, 2011).
Road, Housing and Urban Development Research Center. “Iranian code of practice for seismic resistant design of buildings, standard No. 2800, 4th edition.” (October 15, 2014).
National Database of Earth Sciences Data, Website: http://ngdir.ir.
Zare, M. “Principles of Earthquake Hazard Analysis.” International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology Press. (October 13, 2010).
Berberian M. and Yeats R. S. “Contribution of Archaeological Data to Studies of Earthquake History in the Iranian Plateau.” Journal of structural geology (June 2001): 563-584. Vol. 23.
Jackson J., Priestly K., Allen M. and Berberian M. “Active tectonics of the South Caspian Basin.” Journal of Geophysics, (February 2002): 214–245. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-246X.2002.01005.x.
International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Website: http://iiees.ac.ir.
United States Geological Survey, Website: http://usgs.gov.
International Seismological Centre, Website: http://isc.ac.uk.
Ambraseys, N. N. and Melville, C. P. (1982), “A History of Persian Earthquakes”, Cambridge University Press.
Yazdani, A. and kowsari, M. “Bayesian estimation of seismic hazards in Iran.” Sharif University of Technology (June 2013): 422-430. doi: 10.1016/j.scient.2012.12.032.
Asadi, A., Neshat, Sh. and Barkhordar, K. “Seismic Hazard Assessment and Determination of Maximum Design Base Acceleration of Yazd.” Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering (September 2014): 1-8. doi: 10.22075/jrce.2014.203.
Zare, M. “Seismic Hazard Zoning in Iran: A State-of-the-Art on the Studies during Four Decades.” Journal of seismology and earthquake engineering (July 2017): 71-101. Vol. 19. No. 2.
Alizadeh, B. Pourzeynali, S. and Jamshidi C.R. “PGA in different seismicity levels for Bandar-e-Anzali area using the new correlation relations magnitude scales.” 8th national Conference on Civil Engineering (May 7-8, 2014). COI: NCCE08_0051.
Fukushima, Y. Berge-Thierry, C. Volant, P. Griot-Pommera, D. A. and Cotton, F. “Attenuation Relation for Western Eurasia Determined with Recent Near-Fault Records from California, Japan, and Turkey.” Journal of Earthquake Engineering (June 2003): 573-598. doi: 10.1080/13632460309350465.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2018 Behrooz Alizadeh, Saeid Pourzeynali
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.