Solar Energy for Traction of High Speed Rail Transportation: A Techno-economic Analysis
To meet the growing expectation of traveling public, world railways are going ahead in a big way to introduce high speed trains Electric railways require huge amounts of energy. Many rail networks run their own dedicated power plants. With a view to augment the capacity of the rail networks grid connection so as to make the railway self-reliant, a grid tied PV solar plant with battery storage has been proposed. The present concept is based on installing solar panels along the length of a HS rail network so that the ballast-less tracks could be used as energy carriers. Ballast less tracks require little or no maintenance, and the space along the tracks provides a large surface area on which arrays of PV modules can be mounted to generate electricity from sunlight. An example demonstrates that a 330 MW grid connected PV solar plant with battery storage for the Mumbai–Ahmedabad high speed rail link, generates electricity at $1.67 106 /MW output and levelized electricity cost at 12.05 c/kWh. Net saving in tariff after payback period is about $ 58 million per annum.
Hayashiya, Hitoshi, Hiroshi Itagaki, Yuichi Morita, Yoshihisa Mitoma, Takayuki Furukawa, Takuya Kuraoka, Yuta Fukasawa, and Takatoshi Oikawa. “Potentials, Peculiarities and Prospects of Solar Power Generation on the Railway Premises.” 2012 International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications (ICRERA) (November 2012). doi:10.1109/icrera.2012.6477458.
Shen, X. J, Y. Zhang, and Sh. Chen. “Investigation of Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Generation System Applied for Urban Rail Transit Energy-Savings.” 2012 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting (October 2012). doi:10.1109/ias.2012.6373995.
Shravanth Vasisht, M., G.A. Vashista, J. Srinivasan, and Sheela K. Ramasesha. “Rail Coaches with Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic Systems: A Feasibility Study.” Energy 118 (January 2017): 684–691. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2016.10.103.
Ciccarelli, Flavio, Luigi Di Noia, and Renato Rizzo. “Integration of Photovoltaic Plants and Supercapacitors in Tramway Power Systems.” Energies 11, no. 2 (February 9, 2018): 410. doi:10.3390/en11020410.
Mike Chino, “220MPH Solar-Powered Bullet Train on Arizona Horizon” (2009). https://inhabitat.com/transportation-tuesday-arizona-startup-unveils-solar-bullet-train/.
Smriti Jain, “India’s ‘first solar-powered train’: All you want to know about Indian Railways’ green initiative”, Financial Express, (2016). https://www.financialexpress.com/economy/indias-first-solar-powered-train-all-you-want-to-know-about-indian-railways-green-initiative/264505/ (Accessed 2017)
Esveld, Coenraad. "Modern Railway Track, 2nd Editon." Delft university of Technology (2001).
Mumbai-Ahmedabad HS Corridor (2017). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumbai (Accessed 2017).
Hayashiya, Hitoshi, Shoji Yokokawa, Yuki Iino, Shinya Kikuchi, Takashi Suzuki, Shoji Uematsu, Naomi Sato, and Toshihiko Usui. “Regenerative Energy Utilization in A.c. Traction Power Supply System.” 2016 IEEE International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (PEMC) (September 2016). doi:10.1109/epepemc.2016.7752152.
Nagaura, Yasuhiro, Ryoichi Oishi, Motomi Shimada, and Takashi Kaneko. "Battery-powered Drive Systems: Latest Technologies and Outlook." Hitachi Review 66, no. 2 (2017): 139.
Giannakos, K. "Requirements of tomorrow’s rail transport infrastructure." In 2nd Traffic and Transportation Conference, Vossloh AG, Berlin, Germany, vol. 20. 2004.
Agarwal M.M., Miglani K.K, “Challenges and possible solutions for appropriate track technologies of semi high speeds & heavy axle loads based on global experience”, The Institute of Permanent Way Engineers Seminars, (2017).
Franz, Q. "Innovative Track Systems Technical Construction." Project funded by the European Community, Directorate General Energy and Transport Under the ‘Competitive and Sustainable Growth’Programme. ProMain. TÜV Intertraffic, Cologne (2001).
He, Zhengyou, Zheng Zheng, and Haitao Hu. “Power Quality in High-Speed Railway Systems.” International Journal of Rail Transportation 4, no. 2 (April 2, 2016): 71–97. doi:10.1080/23248378.2016.1169228.
Takatsu T, “Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Railway Corridor”, (2013). Accessed on: www.jterc.or.jp/koku/koku_semina/pdf/130211-jic-presentation.pdf.
“Joint Feasibility Study for Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Railway Corridor”, Final Report. Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Ministry of Railways, Republic of India (MOR), (2015).
“How to Design Solar PV System Guide for sizing your solar photovoltaic system”, (2015). Accessed on: http://www.leonics.com/support/article2_12j/articles2_12j_en.php.
India Solar Resources, Accessed on: www.nrel.gov.international/images/dni_annual.jpg.
Hagiwara, Yoshiyasu. “Environmentally-Friendly Aspects and Innovative Lightweight Traction System Technologies of the Shinkansen High-Speed EMUs.” IEEJ Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Engineering 3, no. 2 (2008): 176–182. doi:10.1002/tee.20253.
Solarland Model SLP1905-24 Silver Mono Solar panel, (2016). http://www.wholesolar.com/9433270/solarland-slp1905-24-silver-mono-solar-panel (Accessed 2017).
Affordable solar, (2016). http://www.affordable-solar.com/store/...sma inverters/sma-sunny-central-500U-inverter (Accessed 2016).
Wholesale solar, (2016). www.wholesalesolar.com/brands/crown (Accessed 2017).
Fu, Ran, David Feldman, Robert Margolis, Mike Woodhouse, and Kristen Ardani. “U.S. Solar Photovoltaic System Cost Benchmark: Q1 2017” (September 1, 2017). doi:10.2172/1395932.
Crompton Construction, (2015). http://comptonllc.com/contingency-budgets/ (Accessed 2018).
Mundada, Aishwarya S., Kunal K. Shah, and J.M. Pearce. “Levelized Cost of Electricity for Solar Photovoltaic, Battery and Cogen Hybrid Systems.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 57 (May 2016): 692–703. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.084.
NREL, (2017). https://financere.nrel.gov/finance/content/crest-cost-energy-m (Accessed 2018).
Railway traction, www.mahadiscom.com/tariff/Tariff-Booklet-aug-2012.pdf (Accessed 2018)
“Solar Panel Cost Guide | Your complete guide to the cost of Solar in 2019”, https://www.wholesalesolar.com/blog/solar-panel-cost-guide/ (Accessed 2019)
Cost of Li-ion Batteries, http://www.eai.in/blog/2018/12/cost-of-batteries.html (Accessed 2019)
EIA, US. "Updated capital cost estimates for utility scale electricity generating plants." US Energy Inf. Adm 524 (2013).
Panwar, N.L., S.C. Kaushik, and Surendra Kothari. “Role of Renewable Energy Sources in Environmental Protection: A Review.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15, no. 3 (April 2011): 1513–1524. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2010.11.037.
International Energy Agency (2010)], Implementing Agreement on ocean energysystems, Annual Report 2010. http://www.wavec.org/client/files/2010_Annual_Report.pdf (Accessed 2017).
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2019 Cawas Phiroze Nazir
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.