Numerical Estimation of Settlement under a Shallow Foundation by the Pressuremeter Method

Houari Ouabel, Assia Bendiouis, Abedeljalil Zadjaoui


This work has two axes: The first one is theoretical (bibliographic analysis) on the theoretical estimation of the settlement under a Shallow foundation with the contribution of the characteristics of the results of the pressurometric tests and the second numerical axis by the numerical evaluation of the settlement generated by a superficial foundation that always happens by estimating the carrying capacity of these foundations by two methods the first is the classical method and the second the empirical method based on the direct interpretation of the in situ test such as the pressuremeter test by the determination Pressuremeter characteristics (Limit pressure (Pl) and  the Pressuremeter module (EM)), our contribution consists in using a calculation code based on the finite element method with the contribution of two laws of elastoplastic behavior namely Mohr-Coulomb and Cam- Clay we use geotechnical  survey results project of the railway line project (Tissemesilt-Alger-Bughazoul) in Algeria.


Settlement; Bearing Capacity; Shallow Foundation; Pressuremeter Test; Limit Pressure.


Terzaghi, K. “Theoretical soil mechanics.” Wiley, New York, 510 pages. (1943).

Amar, S., and Jézéquel, J. “Pressuremeter test. Test method project.” LCP. No. 15. (1985).

Amar, S., and Jezequel, J. “Tests in place and in laboratory on coherent soils comparison of the results.” Liaison Newsletter of the LPC, Paris, N ° 58, (1972).

Amar, S., and Jézéquel, J. “Mechanical properties of the determined soils in place.” C 220. Engineering Techniques. (1998).

Baguelin, Francois, Jean-Francois Jezequel, Mee Le, and Alain LeMehaute. "Expansion of cylindrical probes in cohesive soils." Journal of Soil Mechanics & Foundations 98 (1972): 189-201.

Baguelin, F., and J. F. Jezequel. "Self-Propelled Drilling Pressiometer." Annales de l'Institut Tech du Batiment Travaux Pub (ITBTP) 307 (1973).

Hassan, A. Improved soil characterization by the piezocone peak loading test. Application to the calculation of deep foundations. France: These Ph.D., University Blaise Pascal - Clermont Ii. 324 pages (2010).

Bouafia, A. In situ testing in foundation projects. Algeria: OPU edition. (2004).

Combarieu, O. Bearing capacity of superficial foundations Pressuremeter and laboratory tests. Bulletin des laboratoires des ponts et chaussées - 211 - ref. 4134 - pp. 53-72. (1997).

Issue 62 - TITLE V. Technical rules for the design and calculation of the foundations of civil engineering works. Booklet of General Technical Clauses applicable to public works contracts. Ministry of Equipment, Housing and Transport, Volume 3,182 pages. (1993).

Khemissa, M., Magnan, J., & Josseaume, H. Study of the mechanical properties of Guiche clay (Adour valley),. LPC studies and research, GT series, N ° 153, 204 pages, (1993).

Magnan, J., & Mestat, P. “Laws of behavior and modeling of soils, C218. Engineering techniques.” Treaty Construction, (1997).

Magnan, J., Droniuc, N., & Canepa, Y. “Methods for calculating the lift of foundations.” Fondsup 2003-Vol. 2. Presses de l'ENPC/LCPC. Paris. (2004).

Al Husein, M. “Study of the delayed behavior of soils and geotechnical structures.” PhD Thesis, University Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 273 pages (2001).

Mestat, P. “Laws of behavior of geomaterials and modeling by the method of the finite elements.” ER LPC, GT Series, 193 pages. (1993).

NF P94-110-1. Ménard pressiometric test Parti 1 Trial without cycle. (2000).

NFP 94-113. Static Penetration Test. (2000).

Jaky, J. "The coefficient of earth pressure at rest." J. of the Society of Hungarian Architects and Engineers (1944): 355-358.

Baguelin, F., L. Lay, S. Y. Ung, and J. P. Sanfratello. "Pressuremeter, consolidation state and settlement in fine grained soils." In Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering: The Academia and Practice of Geotechnical Engineering, Alexandria, Egypt, 5-9 October 2009, Volume 2, pp. 961-964. IOS Press, 2009.

Ekeleme, Anthony Chibuzo, and Jonah. C. Agunwamba. “Experimental Determination of Dispersion Coefficient in Soil.” Emerging Science Journal 2, no. 4 (September 11, 2018). doi:10.28991/esj-2018-01145.

Frank, R. Deep Foundations, c248. Techniques of the engineer. Construction deals. (1998).

Arairo, W., H. Eslami, A. Abdallah, S. Rosin, and F. Masrouri. "Effect of temperature variation on the pressuremeter test parameters of a compacted illitic soil." 2015.

Eslami, H., S. Rosin-Paumier, A. Abdallah, and F. Masrouri. “Pressuremeter Test Parameters of a Compacted Illitic Soil under Thermal Cycling.” Acta Geotechnica 12, no. 5 (May 19, 2017): 1105–1118. doi:10.1007/s11440-017-0552-2.

Oztoprak, Sadik, Sinan Sargin, Hidayet K. Uyar, and Ilknur Bozbey. "Modeling of pressuremeter tests to characterize the sands." Geomechanics and Engineering 14, no. 6 (2018): 509-517. doi:10.12989/gae.2018.14.6.509.

Savatier, V. and Savatier, M. Stress path during pressuremeter test and link between shear modulus and menard pressuremeter modulus in unsaturated fine soils, Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Unsaturated Soils, Paris, France, September, 2016.

Monnet, J. “Elasto-Plastic Analysis of the Pressuremeter Test in Granular Soil – Part 2: Numerical Study.” European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering 16, no. 6 (June 2012): 715–729. doi:10.1080/19648189.2012.667654.

Geng, Y., H.S. Yu, and G.R. McDowell. “Discrete Element Modelling of Cavity Expansion and Pressuremeter Test.” Geomechanics and Geoengineering 8, no. 3 (September 2013): 179–190. doi:10.1080/17486025.2012.735375.

Fawaz, A., F. Hagechehade, and E. Farah. "A study of the pressuremeter modulus and its comparison to the elastic modulus of soil." Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture (SCEA) 3 (2014): 7-15.

Bahar, R., and O. Belhassani. "Numerical analysis of a cyclic pressuremeter test." In Proceedings of the 15th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal, September. 2012.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28991/cej-2020-03091460


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 houari ouabel

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.