Historical Morphodynamics Assessment in Bridge Areas using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques
Currently the Ministry of Construction is responsible for planning and construction of bridges across the country but remote sensing and satellite data are not widely used in the Ministry’s routine process. Although the inspection and monitoring are carried out by the conventional methods, the remote sensing and GIS techniques are available as an alternative way with time and cost saving. From this study, the channel migration in the locations of Ayeyarwady bridges will be analyzed and mapped by identifying temporal changes of channels. Google Earth Engine is used as the primary application in this study and surface water extraction from historical Landsat satellite imagery is done by GEE. River centerline processing and erosion-deposition area identifications are carried out by GIS technique. Study period of each bridge is between 1987 and 2017. Bo Myat Tun Bridge and Ayeyarwady Bridge (Pakokku) are toped in the list with highest migration and erosion-deposition rate according to the study. The goal of this study is to assist the bridge inspections and channel monitoring works by means of remote sensing and GIS techniques which are currently undertaking by Ministry of Construction with conventional techniques.
D. Rosgen, H.L. Silvey.” Applied River Morphology 2nd Edition”. 1996.
Nicholas, Andrew. “Morphodynamic Diversity of the World’s Largest Rivers.” Geology 41, no. 4 (April 2013): 475–478. doi:10.1130/g34016.1.
C. A. Whaley. “Causes for Change in Stream-Channel Morphology”. Department of Earth Sciences, University of South Alabama. 2007. Available online: http://www.southalabama.edu/geography/fearn/480page/2007/ChadWhaley.pdf (accessed on 1 May 2019).
Langat, Philip Kibet, Lalit Kumar, and Richard Koech. “Monitoring River Channel Dynamics Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques.” Geomorphology 325 (January 2019): 92–102. doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2018.10.007.
Bizzi, S., L. Demarchi, R. C. Grabowski, C. J. Weissteiner, and W. Van de Bund. “The Use of Remote Sensing to Characterise Hydromorphological Properties of European Rivers.” Aquatic Sciences 78, no. 1 (September 23, 2015): 57–70. doi:10.1007/s00027-015-0430-7.
Mueller, N., A. Lewis, D. Roberts, S. Ring, R. Melrose, J. Sixsmith, L. Lymburner, et al. “Water Observations from Space: Mapping Surface Water from 25 Years of Landsat Imagery Across Australia.” Remote Sensing of Environment 174 (March 2016): 341–352. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2015.11.003.
G.E. Moglen.” Fundamental of Open Channel Flow”. CRC Press (April 17, 2015).
Alsdorf, Douglas E., Ernesto Rodríguez, and Dennis P. Lettenmaier. “Measuring Surface Water from Space.” Reviews of Geophysics 45, no. 2 (May 9, 2007). doi:10.1029/2006rg000197.
Lu, Shanlong, Bingfang Wu, Nana Yan, and Hao Wang. “Water Body Mapping Method with HJ-1A/B Satellite Imagery.” International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 13, no. 3 (June 2011): 428–434. doi:10.1016/j.jag.2010.09.006.
L. Shen, C. Li, “Water Body Extraction from Landsat ETM+ Imagery Using Adaboost Algorithm,” In Proceedings of 18th International Conference on Geoinformatics. 2010.
J. R. Jensen, K. Lulla. “Introductory Digital Image Processing: A Remote Sensing Perspective”. 2008.
Yamazaki, Dai, Mark A. Trigg, and Daiki Ikeshima. “Development of a Global ~90m Water Body Map Using Multi-Temporal Landsat Images.” Remote Sensing of Environment 171 (December 2015): 337–351. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2015.10.014.
J. G. Scott. “Irrawaddy,” Encyclopedia Britannica 11th Edition. Cambridge University Press. 1911.
A. Commandeur. “The Ayeyarwady River: A Graphical Introduction to Myanmar's Main River”. 2014.
Ministry of Construction. “2016-2017 Fiscal Year Report: Ayeyarwady Bridges”. 2017.
Directorate of Water Resources and Improvement of River Systems. “DWIR Yearly Announcement on Shipping Routes and Waterways”. 2017.
USGS Earth Explorer. “Landsat Imagery Dataset”. Available online: https://earthexplorer.usgs.gov (accessed on 1 June 2019).
USGS Global Visualization Viewer (GloVis). Available online: “Landsat Dataset”. https://glovis.usgs.gov/app (accessed on 15 May 2019).
Google Earth Engine. “Developer’s Guide”. Available online: https://developers.google.com/earth-engine (accessed on 5 March 2019).
ADPC, SERVIR Mekong, OneMap Myanmar, MIMU. “Lecture Notes: Google Earth Engine Training at YTU”. 2017.
Mc Feeters, S. K. “The Use of the Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) in the Delineation of Open Water Features.” International Journal of Remote Sensing 17, no. 7 (May 1996): 1425–1432. doi:10.1080/01431169608948714..
Xu, Hanqiu. “Modification of Normalised Difference Water Index (NDWI) to Enhance Open Water Features in Remotely Sensed Imagery.” International Journal of Remote Sensing 27, no. 14 (July 20, 2006): 3025–3033. doi:10.1080/01431160600589179.
Feyisa, Gudina L., Henrik Meilby, Rasmus Fensholt, and Simon R. Proud. “Automated Water Extraction Index: A New Technique for Surface Water Mapping Using Landsat Imagery.” Remote Sensing of Environment 140 (January 2014): 23–35. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2013.08.029.
Tulbure, Mirela G., Mark Broich, Stephen V. Stehman, and Anil Kommareddy. “Surface Water Extent Dynamics from Three Decades of Seasonally Continuous Landsat Time Series at Subcontinental Scale in a Semi-Arid Region.” Remote Sensing of Environment 178 (June 2016): 142–157. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.034.
Du, Zhiqiang, Bin Linghu, Feng Ling, Wenbo Li, Weidong Tian, Hailei Wang, Yuanmiao Gui, Bingyu Sun, and Xiaoming Zhang. “Estimating Surface Water Area Changes Using Time-Series Landsat Data in the Qingjiang River Basin, China.” Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 6, no. 1 (November 28, 2012): 063609. doi:10.1117/1.jrs.6.063609.
Baki, Abul Basar M., and Thian Yew Gan. “Riverbank Migration and Island Dynamics of the Braided Jamuna River of the Ganges–Brahmaputra Basin Using Multi-Temporal Landsat Images.” Quaternary International 263 (June 2012): 148–161. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2012.03.016.
Wang, Suiji, Ling Li, and Weiming Cheng. “Variations of Bank Shift Rates along the Yinchuan Plain Reach of the Yellow River and Their Influencing Factors.” Journal of Geographical Sciences 24, no. 4 (May 13, 2014): 703–716. doi:10.1007/s11442-014-1114-2.
Frizzell, Robbie L., Lyle W. Zevenbergen, and Ricardo Navarro. “Stream Channel Restoration at Bridge Sites.” Critical Transitions in Water and Environmental Resources Management (June 25, 2004). doi:10.1061/40737(2004)403.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2019 Myint Myat Oo
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.