Performance Evaluation for Mechanical Behaviour of Concrete Incorporating Recycled Plastic Bottle Fibers as Locally Available Materials
The objective of the study is to investigate the influence of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) recycled plastic bottle fibers on the compressive strength and cracking of concrete. In this study, two types of fiber are used: straight and zigzag fibers whose length and aspect ratio are 40 mm and 40 respectively. 0, 0.75, and 1.25% volume fractions of fibers replacing the volume of coarse aggregates are used in this investigation. According to ACI 211.1-91, design mixing ratio 1:2:3 for M20 concrete and water-cement ratio 0.58 are used. Curing is done in field condition and weathering action is allowed in curing time. The destructive compressive strength test shows that the compressive strength of plain concrete is 19.84 MPa, at 0.75 and 1.25% replacement for concrete with straight fibers are 19.54 and 18.84 MPa, and at 0.75 and 1.25% replacement for concrete with zigzag fibers are 18.49 and 15.69 MPa. The non-destructive compressive strength test shows that the compressive strength of plain concrete is 13.58 MPa, at 0.75 and 1.25% replacement for concrete with straight fibers are 10.36 and 8.82 MPa, and at 0.75 and 1.25% replacement for concrete with zigzag fibers are 8.21 and 8.10 MPa. The use of fibers changes the failure mode. The addition of fibers decreases the workability and cracking of concrete. Zigzag fiber slightly shows interlocking property with concrete. The addition of PET plastic fibers increases the ductility of concrete.
Full Text: PDF
World Bank, Unilver & Other Partners, National Workshop on Sustainable Management of Plastic to Leverage Circular Economy and Achieve SDG in Bangladesh. Waste Concern; 2019. Available from: https://wasteconcern.org/national-workshop-on-sustainable-management-of-plastic-to-leverage-circular-economy-and-achieve-sdg-in-bangladesh/ (accessed on 20 March 2021)
Ismail, Zainab Z., and Enas A. AL-Hashmi. “Use of Waste Plastic in Concrete Mixture as Aggregate Replacement.” Waste Management 28, no. 11 (November 2008): 2041–2047. doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2007.08.023.
Mindess, Sidney, Nemkumar Banthia, and Cheng Yan. “The Fracture Toughness of Concrete under Impact Loading.” Cement and Concrete Research 17, no. 2 (March 1987): 231–241. doi:10.1016/0008-8846(87)90106-2.
Casanova-del-Angel, Francisco, and Jorge Luis Vázquez-Ruiz. “Manufacturing Light Concrete with PET Aggregate.” ISRN Civil Engineering 2012 (December 9, 2012): 1–10. doi:10.5402/2012/287323.
Foti, Dora. “Use of Recycled Waste Pet Bottles Fibers for the Reinforcement of Concrete.” Composite Structures 96 (February 2013): 396–404. doi:10.1016/j.compstruct.2012.09.019.
Foti, Dora. “Preliminary Analysis of Concrete Reinforced with Waste Bottles PET Fibers.” Construction and Building Materials 25, no. 4 (April 2011): 1906–1915. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.11.066.
Kim, Sung Bae, Na Hyun Yi, Hyun Young Kim, Jang-Ho Jay Kim, and Young-Chul Song. “Material and Structural Performance Evaluation of Recycled PET Fiber Reinforced Concrete.” Cement and Concrete Composites 32, no. 3 (March 2010): 232–240. doi:10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2009.11.002.
Basha, Shaik Inayath, M.R. Ali, S.U. Al-Dulaijan, and M. Maslehuddin. “Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Lightweight Recycled Plastic Aggregate Concrete.” Journal of Building Engineering 32 (November 2020): 101710. doi:10.1016/j.jobe.2020.101710.
Saikia, Nabajyoti, and Jorge de Brito. “Mechanical Properties and Abrasion Behaviour of Concrete Containing Shredded PET Bottle Waste as a Partial Substitution of Natural Aggregate.” Construction and Building Materials 52 (February 2014): 236–244. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.11.049.
Ochi, T., S. Okubo, and K. Fukui. “Development of Recycled PET Fiber and Its Application as Concrete-Reinforcing Fiber.” Cement and Concrete Composites 29, no. 6 (July 2007): 448–455. doi:10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2007.02.002.
Umasabor, Richie.I., and Samuel.C. Daniel. “The Effect of Using Polyethylene Terephthalate as an Additive on the Flexural and Compressive Strength of Concrete.” Heliyon 6, no. 8 (August 2020): e04700. doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04700.
Belmokaddem, Mohammed, Abdelkader Mahi, Yassine Senhadji, and Bekir Yilmaz Pekmezci. “Mechanical and Physical Properties and Morphology of Concrete Containing Plastic Waste as Aggregate.” Construction and Building Materials 257 (October 2020): 119559. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119559.
Committee, ACI. "ACI 211.1-91: Standard Practice for Selecting Proportions for Normal, Heavyweight, and Mass Concrete." USA: American Concrete Institute, (2009).
ASTM, C33,“Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates,” ASTM International, (2003).
ASTM C39/C39M-18. "Standard test method for compressive strength of cylindrical concrete specimens." ASTM International, (2018).
ASTM, C. 805, “Standard test method for rebound number of hardened concrete.", ASTM International, (2018).
Standard, A. S. T. M. "Standard test method for slump of hydraulic-cement concrete." ASTM Annual Book of ASTM Standards (2015).
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2021 Md Rashedul Haque, Md. Shakil Mostafa, Sujit Kumar Sah
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.