Primarily Results of a Real-Time Flash Flood Warning System in Vietnam
In recent years, losses and damages from flash floods have been steadily increasing worldwide as well as in Vietnam, due to physical factors, human activities, especially under a changing climate. This is a hotspot issue which requires immediate response from scientists and policy-makers to monitor and mitigate the negative impacts of flash floods. This study presents a way to reduce losses through increasing the accuracy of real-time flash flood warning systems in Vietnam, a case study developed for Ha Giang province where the topography is relatively complex with severe flash floods observed. The objective of this paper is to generate the real-time flash flood system based on bankfull discharge threshold. To do this, HEC-HMS model is applied to calibrate and validate observer inflow to the reservoir with nine automatic rain gauges installed. More importantly, on the basic of measured discharge at 35 locations from the fieldtrips, an empirical equation constructed is to identify the bankful discharge values. It bases on the relationship between basin characteristics of river length, basin area and bankfull discharge. The results indicate an effective approach to determine bankfull threshold with the established-empirical equation. On the scale of a small basin, it depicts the consistency of flood status and warning time with the reality.
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