Model Test of the Pull-up Capacity of Folding Type Ground Anchors in Cohesive Soil

Muhammad I. Maming, A. R. Djamaluddin, Tri Harianto, Achmad B. Muhiddin


The purpose of this research is to develop a folding anchor model, which is a modification of the star-shaped plate anchor, and to investigate the pull-up capability operating in cohesive soils. Physical testing is performed in the laboratory and on a full scale in the field, with the findings of the pull-up capacity achieved compared. The anchor model is made up of four leaves with varying widths and depths. It is flexible and may be closed and opened like an inverted umbrella. The effective area of each anchor was determined in laboratory experiments to be A1=30.00, A2=57.60, and A3=147.20 cm2, evaluated in a test column bath and filled with statically compressed, cohesive soil in four layers to a height of 30 cm. Each model was evaluated at three different depths: 30, 60, and 90 cm. The effective area of each anchor in field testing is B1=57.60, B2=147.20, and B3=600 cm2. The qualities of the soils chosen in the laboratory and in the field are identical. Each model was tested at three different depths: 100, 200, and 300 cm. The most resemblance to pull-up test results was found in laboratory and outdoor testing. The findings indicated that the area of each anchor model increased at each depth, resulting in a considerable rise in pull-up load. The change in depth of each anchor variation, however, did not result in a substantial increase in pull-up load. This implies that the folding type model anchors do not need extensive design. Each area change has a fundamental constraint in that adding depth will no longer result in a higher maximum pull-up capability. It also shows that these anchors are relatively simple to install in the field using basic tools without excavating or drilling the soil.


Doi: 10.28991/CEJ-2022-08-09-07

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Pull-Up Capacity; Ground Anchors; Four Elements; Folding Type; Cohesive Soil.


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DOI: 10.28991/CEJ-2022-08-09-07


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