Modeling of Dowel Jointed Rigid Airfield Pavement under Thermal Gradients and Dynamic Loads
Concrete pavements have been widely used for constructing runways, taxiways, and apron areas at airports. The aviation industry has responded to increased demand for air travel by developing longer, wider, and heavier aircraft with increasing numbers of wheels to support the aircraft while in ground operation. Many researchers developed their models based on the finite element method (FEM) for the analysis of jointed concrete pavement. Despite the notable improvement, important considerations were overlooked. These simplifications may affect the results of the developed models and make them unrealistic. Sensitivity studies were conducted in this study to investigate the effect of the loading parameters on the load transfer efficiency (LTE) indictors where concept of LTE is fundamental in airfield design procedures. The effect of main gear loading magnitudes in different wheel configurations combined with positive and negative thermal gradients was investigated. The verification process was presented to increases the confidence in the model results. Understanding the response of rigid airfield pavement under such circumstances is important developing a new pavement design procedure, as well as implementing a suitable remedial measure for existing pavements. The results obtained that utilizing a dynamic load allows studying the fatigue cycles that pavement can be subjected under different wheel configurations. Moreover, the change in the thermal gradient from positive to negative significantly changed the slab curvature shape.
Hammons, Michael I., and Anastasios M. Ioannides. Advanced Pavement Design: Finite Element Modelling for Rigid Pavement Joints. Report 1: Background Investigation. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station Vicksburg Ms Geotechnical Lab, 1997.
Maitra, Swati Roy, K. S. Reddy, and L. S. Ramachandra. "Estimation of Joint and Interface Parameters for the Finite Element Analysis of Jointed Concrete Pavement Using Structural Evaluation Results." International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology 16, no. 2 (2015): 21-38.
Westergaard, H.M." Analysis of stresses in concrete pavements due to variations of temperature." Highway Research Board, 6:201-215 (1926).
Serhat Demir and Metin Husem. " Investigation of bond-slip modelling methods used in FE analysis of RC members."
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, An Int'l Journal Vol. 56 No. 2 (2015).
Wadkar Ashish." Study of load transfer efficiency of airfield rigid pavement joints based on stresses and deflections." Master of science in engineering degree, Rowan university (2010).
Jiwon Kim Keith D. Hjelmstad."Three–dimensional finite element analysis of doweled joints for airport pavements." Transportation Research Record, 1853:100-109 (2003).
Bagdat B. Teltayev and Koblanbek Aitbaye. "Modelling of transient temperature distribution in multilayer asphalt pavement." Geomechanics and Engineering, An Int'l Journal Vol. 8 No. 2 (2015).
Han Jin Oh, Seong-Min Kim, Wonseok Chung, Yong Hyeon Lee, Young Kyo Cho. "Effect of joint type on rigid airfield pavement behaviour." KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering 18(5):1389-1396 (2014).
Mackiewicz, P. " Analysis of stresses in concrete pavement under a dowel according to its diameter and load transfer efficiency." Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering,42(11): 845-853 (2015).
Brill, D.R. and Guo, E.H. "Load transfer in rigid airport pavement joints. "Proceedings of the 26th international Air Transportation Conference, San Francisco, June 18-21 (2001).
Jeffery R., Francisco E., and Marcelo D. "Effect of gear positions on airfield rigid pavement critical stress locations." Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 205 N. Mathews,MC-250 Urbana, IL 61801 USA (2007).
Swati Roy Maitra; K. S. Reddy; and L. S. Ramachandra. "Load transfer characteristics of dowel bar system in jointed concrete pavement." Journal of Transportation Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 135, No. 11 : pp. 813-821(2009).
Caliendo C. and Parisi A. "Stress-prediction model for airport pavements with jointed concrete slabs. "Transportation Engineering Journal, 136(7), 664–677 (2010).
Wadkar, A., Mehta Y., Guo E. and Kettleson W. "Load-transfer efficiencies of rigid airfield pavement joints based on stresses and deflections."Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 23(8), 1171–1180 (2011).
Youngguk Seo and Seong-Min Kim "Longitudinal cracking at transverse joints caused by dowel bars in jointed concrete Pavements" KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 395-402 (2013).
FAA Advisory Circular. "Airport pavement design and evaluation advisory circular.", AC No: 150/5320-6E , Federal Aviation Administration U.S. Department of Transportation (2009).
Dassault Systèmes, Simulia Corp. "ABAQUS Documentation User's Guide." (2013).
Jankowiak, T., Lodygowski, T. "Identification of parameters of concrete damage plasticity constitutive", Poznan University of Technology, Institute of Structural Engineering (ISE), 5:60-975 (2005).
Maitra, S. R., Reddy, K. S. and Ramachandra, L. S. "Load transfer characteristics of aggregate interlocking in concrete pavement." Journal of Transportation Engineering, ASCE, 136 (3), pp: 190-195 (2010).
Edward Guo, Lia Ricalde, and Izydor Kawa." FAA Finite Element designs procedure for rigid pavements." Report No.DOT/FAA/AR-07/33: U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration (2007).
Li Luoke, Tan Yiqiu, Gong Xiangbing, LI Yunliang."Characterization of contact stresses between dowels and surrounding concrete in jointed concrete pavement." International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering, 12(5):23-27 (2009).
Samir N. Shoukry, Gergis W. Willliam, Mourad Y. Riad and Sri vani Sirisha Motamarri." Effect of bonding force on stresses in concrete slabs." Report No. MAUTC#12: West Virginia University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Morgantown (2003).
HuangYang H." Pavement analysis and design." second edition, Prentice Hall (2003).
Erdal Oner, Murat Yaylaci and Ahmet Birinci. "Analytical solution of a contact problem and comparison with the results from FEM." Structural Engineering and Mechanics, an Int'l Journal Vol. 54 No. 4 (2015).
FAA., "FAARFIELD 1.305 program database." Federal Aviation Administration, http://www.faa.gov/airports/engineering/design_software, (2010).
Xinhua Yu, Yumin Zhou, Edward Guo, Jiudong Peng, Zhiming Tan., "Joint load transfer efficiency of rigid pavement considering dynamic effects under a single moving load." Worldwide Airport Technology Transfer Conference, Atlantic City, New Jersey, USA (2010).
Liu, G. R., "The Finite Element Method." A Practical Course, Second Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann (2014).
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2016 Ahmed Ebrahim Abu El-Maaty, Ghada Mousa Hekal, Eman Muhammed Salah El-Din
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.