Analysis of Route Choice for Pedestrian Two-Stage Crossing at a Signalized Intersection

Yongqing Guo, Xiaoyuan Wang, Xinqiang Meng, Yaqi Liu, Jie Wang


Studying pedestrians’ twice-crossing behavior is of great significance to enhance safety and efficiency for pedestrians at signalized intersections. However, limited attention has been paid to analyze and model pedestrians’ behavior patterns of twice crossing. The purpose of this paper is to determine pedestrians' route choices for twice crossing at a signalized intersection, focusing on the waiting position (to cross the street) and walking route. A goal-oriented and time-driven model was proposed to analyze pedestrians’ twice-crossing behavior at signalized intersections, where the two directions have different pedestrian signal timing. A video-recording method was used to collect field data in order to obtain pedestrian preferences in choosing a walking route. It was found that pedestrians in the two directions present different preferences toward walking route, in waiting position, directional change and route type. The results showed that the proposed model is effective in simulating pedestrian route-choice behavior of twice crossing. This research provides a theoretical basis for identifying pedestrian movement intention, optimizing signal timing, and improving pedestrian infrastructure at signalized intersections.



Pedestrian Two-Stage Crossing; Route Choice; Pedestrian Behavior Model; Signalized Intersections.


Tong X, Qiu D, Li H, Zhang T. Study on the Expansion Phenomenon While Bi-directional Pedestrian Flow Crossing Street at Signalized Crosswalk. Journal of Transportation Engineering and Information, 2016, 14(03): 99-105. doi:10.3969/j.issn.1672-4747.2016.03.015.

Qu Z, Cao N, Chen Y, Bai Q, Sun L.Overflow Characteristics of Pedestrian Crossing at Signalized Intersections. Journal of Jilin University (Engineering and Technology Edition), 2016, 46(05):1432-1438. doi:10.13229/j.cnki.jdxbgxb201605008.

Li K, Ni Y. Pedestrian Traffic Control at Signalized Intersections. Urban Transport of China, 2011, 9(01):65-71. doi:10.3969/j.issn.1672-5328.2011.01.013.

Li Z. Modeling and analysis of pedestrian crossing behavior at signalized intersections. Beijing Jiaotong University, 2017.

Sun D, Fang J, Gao X, Gao Z. Analysis of Behavior of Road Crossing Pedestrian Based on Virtual Force. Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development, 2015, 32(08): 120-125+132. doi:10.3969/j.issn.1002-0268.2015.08.020.

Zhang J. Analysis on Traffic Characteristics of Pedestrian at Signalized Intersections. Chang'an University, 2014.

Wu J, Zhang M, Li C, Zhu L, Zhao J. Analysis and Modeling of Pedestrian Crossing Behavior at Signalized Intersection. Intelligent Transport, 2011(09): 100-101. doi:10.16248/j.cnki.cn11-3723/u.2011.09.042.

Onelcin P, Alver Y. The crossing speed and safety margin of pedestrians at signalized intersections. Transportation Research Procedia, 2017, 22:3-12. doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2017.03.002.

Hashimoto Y, Gu Y, Hsu L T. A probabilistic model of pedestrian crossing behavior at signalized intersections for connected vehicles. Transportation Research Part C Emerging Technologies, 2016, 71:164-181. doi:10.1016/j.trc.2016.07.011.

Yang R. The Study of Pedestrian Delay based on Setting Method of Pedestrian Twice Crossing at at Signalized Intersection. Southwest Jiaotong University, 2017.

Li C.The study of traffic organization and examples on pedestrian twice crossing. Southwest Jiaotong University, 2011.

Wang X. Traffic Organization Methods and Applicability of Pedestrian Twice Crossing. Beijing Jiaotong University, 2008.

Song C, Kim I, Xiang Q. Evaluation of Large Signalized Intersection with New Pedestrians Twice Crossing. Procedia Computer Science, 2017, 109:132-139. doi:10.1016/j.procs.2017.05.304.

Li Y, Fernie G. Pedestrian behavior and safety on a two-stage crossing with a center refuge island and the effect of winter weather on pedestrian compliance rate. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 2010, 42(4):1156. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2010.01.004.

Wang X, Tian Z. Pedestrian Delay at Signalized Intersections with a Two-Stage Crossing Design. Transportation Research Record Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2010, 2173(2173):133-138. doi:10.3141/2173-16.

Hu H, Wang D, Representation and Analysis of Pedestrian Crossing States Based on Video Tracking. Journal of Transport Information and Safety, 2009, 27(03):43-47. doi:10.3963/

Jiang W, Wang D, Chen Y, Sun D. Pedestrian movement trajectory reappearance and crossing feature expression based on video processing. Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition), 2012, 42(06): 1233-1237. doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2012.06.038.

Zeng W, Chen P, Yu G, et al. Specification and calibration of a microscopic model for pedestrian dynamic simulation at signalized intersections: A hybrid approach. Transportation Research Part C Emerging Technologies, 2017, 80:37-70. doi:10.1016/j.trc.2017.04.009.

Kalantarov S, Riemer R, Oron-Gilad T. Pedestrians’ road crossing decisions and body parts’ movements. Transportation Research Part F Traffic Psychology & Behaviour, 2018. doi:10.1016/j.trf.2017.09.012.

Zhao Y, Qu Z, Jiang S, Hu H, Hu J. Pedestrian crossing speed characteristic based on video detection. Journal of Jilin University (Engineering and Technology Edition). 2013, 43(02):298-303. doi:10.13229/j.cnki.jdxbgxb2013.02.039.

Song X, Han D, Sun J. A data-driven neural network approach to simulate pedestrian movement. Physica A Statistical Mechanics & Its Applications, 2018, 509: 827-844. doi: 10.1016/j.physa.2018.06.045.

Fang Z, Zheng S, Kong X, Xiong S, Jamil R. Pedestrian crossing patterns preference at a non-signalized crosswalk. Procedia Manufacturing, 2015, 3: 3353-3359. doi: 10.1016/j.promfg.2015.07.496.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28991/cej-03091200


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Yongqing Guo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.