Analysis of Red-Light Violation Behavior of Pedestrian Two-Stage Crossing at a Signalized Intersection

Yongqing Guo, Xiaoyuan Wang, Xinqiang Meng, Jie Wang, Yaqi Liu


Studying pedestrians’ twice-crossing behavior is of great significance to enhance safety and efficiency for pedestrians at signalized intersections. However, researchers have paid little attention to analyze and model pedestrians’ red-light running behavior on a two-stage crossing at signalized intersections. This paper focuses on analyzing the characteristics of pedestrian red-light violation behavior at the two stages, including the time distribution of violation behavior, the consistency of violation behavior, and the violation behavior in group.  A goal-oriented and time-driven red-light violation behavior model was proposed for pedestrian two-stage crossing. A video-recording method was used to collect field data, and the results show that pedestrians in the two directions present different red-light violation behaviors in time selection and violation count, as well as, pedestrians in the two stages of a direction present different red-light violation behaviors in time selection. The main reasons leading to the phenomena were analyzed, regarding from people’s cognitive psychology and visual perception. The results also show that the proposed model is effective in simulating pedestrian red-light violation behavior of twice crossing. This research provides a theoretical basis for optimizing signal timing, improving pedestrian safety and developing user-friendly transportation system.


Pedestrian Two-Stage Crossing; Pedestrian Red-Light Violation; Pedestrian Twice-Crossing Model; Signalized Intersection.


Pan L. Gap Acceptance Behavior of Violators at Signalized Intersections. Beijing Jiaotong University.2016.

Zhou Z, Shi Z, Li Y., Pedestrian's decision model with non-complying colony. Systems Engineering-Theory & Practice. 2009, 29(11):177-182.

Wang H, Zheng C., Study of Pedestrians' Behaviors of Running Red Light Based on Survival Analysis Method. Journal of East China Jiaotong University. 2015, 32(02):54-58.

Pei Y, Ping Y., Behavior Analysis and Response Strategies of Pedestrian Running Red Light in Intersection with Pedestrian Phase. Journal of Transport Information and Safety. 2011, 29(05):73-77.

Chen Y, Xu T, Sun X., Study on Red-light Violation Behavior of Individual Pedestrian and Pedestrian Group at Signalized Intersections. Science Technology and Engineering. 2017, 17(08):288-292.

Koh, P.P., Y.D. Wong, and P. Chandrasekar. “Safety Evaluation of Pedestrian Behaviour and Violations at Signalised Pedestrian Crossings.” Safety Science 70 (December 2014): 143–152. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2014.05.010.

Koh, P.P., and Y.D. Wong. “Gap Acceptance of Violators at Signalised Pedestrian Crossings.” Accident Analysis & Prevention 62 (January 2014): 178–185. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2013.09.020.

Zhuang, Xiangling, Changxu Wu, and Shu Ma. “Cross or Wait? Pedestrian Decision Making During Clearance Phase at Signalized Intersections.” Accident Analysis & Prevention 111 (February 2018): 115–124. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2017.08.019.

Onelcin, Pelin, and Yalcin Alver. “The Crossing Speed and Safety Margin of Pedestrians at Signalized Intersections.” Transportation Research Procedia 22 (2017): 3–12. doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2017.03.002.

Zhang, Weihua, Kun Wang, Lei Wang, Zhongxiang Feng, and Yingjie Du. “Exploring Factors Affecting Pedestrians’ Red-Light Running Behaviors at Intersections in China.” Accident Analysis & Prevention 96 (November 2016): 71–78. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2016.07.038.

Wael A, Miho I. Studying Critical Pedestrian Behavioral Changes for the Safety Assessment at Signalized Crosswalks. Safety Science, 91, 351-360. doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2016.09.002.

Yang R. The Study of Pedestrian Delay Based on Setting Method of Pedestrian Twice Crossing at Signalized Intersection. Southwest Jiaotong University. 2017.

Song C, Kim I, Xiang Q. Evaluation of Large Signalized Intersection with New Pedestrians Twice Crossing. Procedia Computer Science, 2017, 109:132-139. doi:10.1016/j.procs.2017.05.304.

Wang X. Traffic Organization Methods and Applicability of Pedestrian Twice Crossing. Beijing Jiaotong University. 2008.

Li Y, Fernie G. Pedestrian behavior and safety on a two-stage crossing with a center refuge island and the effect of winter weather on pedestrian compliance rate. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 2010, 42(4):1156. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2010.01.004.

Li C. The Study of Traffic Organization and Examples on Pedestrian Twice Crossing. Southwest Jiaotong University. 2011.

Wang X, Tian Z. Pedestrian Delay at Signalized Intersections with a Two-Stage Crossing Design. Transportation Research Record Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2010, 2173:133-138. doi:10.3141/2173-16.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28991/cej-2019-03091257


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Yongqing Guo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.