Experimental Investigation for Effects of Mini-piles on the Structural Response of Raft Foundations
Mini-piles made their debut as a cost-effective way to stabilize the historical structures. Recently, mini-piles have increased in popularity all over the world and are being used for bridges, buildings, slope stability, antenna towers, and residential construction. This paper presents the preparing, executing, data acquisition, and result presentation for an experimental work concerns with five scale-down mini-piled raft foundation models. All models were prepared to study the effectiveness of the mini-piled raft foundation in reducing the settlement and the bending moments. Five tests have been achieved. The reference first test includes a raft foundation with 15mm thickness. Second, third, and fourth tests are mini-piled raft foundations with five mini-piles and with thicknesses of 15 mm, 10 mm, and 8mm respectively. Finally, the fifth test dealt with a single mini-pile 178mm in length and 6mm in diameter. It has been adopted to investigate the reference behavior of the single mini-pile. When they were used, the piles have 42 mm center to center distances. A scale-down factor of , a sandy soil with with of , and relative density of 60% have been considered in all tests. Test results indicated a 45% decrease in settlement for 15mm mini-piled raft foundation comparing with the reference 15mm raft foundation. Moreover, there is no significant difference in settlement between 15mm mini-piled raft foundation comparing with the 10mm and 8mm thick mini-piled raft foundations. Regarding to the bending moments, they decrease at the mid and edge of the 15mm mini-piled raft foundation comparing to those of the reference raft foundation. It has also been noted that the moments are inversely proportional to the thickness of the piled raft foundations. With respect to the mini-piles, it has been found that most of the pile axial loads are transferred to the underneath soil through friction and this friction increases as the raft thickness decreases.
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