An Investigation of the Fundamental Period of Vibration for Moment Resisting Concrete Frames
The determination of fundamental period of vibration for structures is essential to earthquake design. The current codes provide empirical formulas to estimate the approximated fundamental period and these formulas are dependent on building material, height of structure or number of stories. Such a formulation is excessively conservative and unable to account for other parameters such as: length to width ratios, vertical element size and floors area. This study investigated the fundamental periods of mid-rise reinforced concrete moment resisting frames. A total of 13 moment resisting frames were analyzed by ETABS 15.2.2, for gross and cracked eigenvalue analysis and Extreme Loading for Structures Software® or ELS, for non-linear dynamic analysis. The estimated periods of vibration were compared with empirical equations, including current code equations. As expected, the results show that building periods estimated based on simple equations provided by earthquake design codes in Europe (EC8) and America (UBC97 and ASCE 7-10) are significantly smaller than the periods computed using nonlinear dynamic analysis. Based on the results obtained from the analyzed models, equations for calculating period of vibration are proposed. These proposed equations will allow design engineers to quickly and accurately estimate the fundamental period of moment resisting frames with taking different length to width ratios, vertical element size, floors area and building height into account. The interaction between reduction factor and the reduced period of vibration is studied, and it is found that values of maximum period of vibration can be used as an alternative method to calculate the inelastic base shear value without taking reduction factors in consideration.
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