Site Locating For Inspection Posts of Freight Cars in Railway Network Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Geographic Information System (GIS) (CaseStudy: Iranian Railway Network)

Saeed Monajjem, Mohammad Mahanpoor, Mohammad Sadathoseini


Freight car inspection and maintenance system have an undeniable role in total costs imposed on system for repair and rehabilitation process of different components of it. This issue shows its importance when railway transportation comes to competition with other modes of transportation. In this competition, lower total cost means more demands and more benefits for optimum systems. Using preventive maintenance methods for rolling stock are among appropriate solutions in order to lower the costs. These methods require to have an exact monitoring system to achieve a reliable scope of system. Inspection posts play an essential role as “wise eyes” on inspection system.

Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) in this article has developed decision tree including goals, criteria, sub criteria and alternatives. The main criteria are 1-traffic, 2-geographical position, 3-loction of station on railway network, and 4-repair and maneuver equipment of station. These criteria and sub criteria have been weighted and quantified using expert’s opinion. The use of Geographical information system, 403 stations had been evaluated with 26 criteria and sub criteria and prioritized. By considering coverage of network in next step, 43 stations are recommended as required station numbers in railway network to provide 70.53% Coverage of railway network traffic.


Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), Geographical Information System (GIS), Freight-car, Inspection posts.


Saaty, Thomas L. "The analytic hierarchy process: planning, priority setting, resources allocation." New York: McGraw (1980).

Beheshtifar M. Site selection the thermal power plants. Master thesis of GIS, K.N. Toosi University of Technology;2006; p.36-50.

Poormohamadi M. Schematization of urban land use. Tehran, Iran: SAMT publication; 2003, p.70-71

Ocalir, Ebru Vesile, Ozge Yalciner Ercoskun, and Rifat Tur. "An integrated model of GIS and fuzzy logic (FMOTS) for location decisions of taxicab stands." Expert Systems with Applications 37, no. 7 (2010): 4892-4901.

Alesheikh, Ali Asghar, Mohammad Jafar Soltani, Nahal Nouri, and M. Khalilzadeh. "Land assessment for flood spreading site selection using geospatial information system." International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology 5, no. 4 (2008): 455-462.

Raharjo, Hendry, Min Xie, and Aarnout C. Brombacher. "On modeling dynamic priorities in the analytic hierarchy process using compositional data analysis." European Journal of Operational Research 194, no. 3 (2009): 834-846.

Saaty, Thomas L. "Relative measurement and its generalization in decision making why pairwise comparisons are central in mathematics for the measurement of intangible factors the analytic hierarchy/network process." RACSAM-Revista de la Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales. Serie A. Matematicas 102, no. 2 (2008): 251-318.

Vahidnia, Mohammad H., Ali A. Alesheikh, and Abbas Alimohammadi. "Hospital site selection using fuzzy AHP and its derivatives." Journal of environmental management 90, no. 10 (2009): 3048-3056.

Forman, Ernest H., and Saul I. Gass. "The analytic hierarchy process-an exposition." Operations research 49, no. 4 (2001): 469-486.

García-Cascales, María Socorro, and María Teresa Lamata. "Selection of a cleaning system for engine maintenance based on the analytic hierarchy process." Computers & Industrial Engineering 56, no. 4 (2009): 1442-1451.

Wang, Guiqin, Li Qin, Guoxue Li, and Lijun Chen. "Landfill site selection using spatial information technologies and AHP: a case study in Beijing, China." Journal of environmental management 90, no. 8 (2009): 2414-2421.

Korpela, Jukka, Antti Lehmusvaara, and Jukka Nisonen. "Warehouse operator selection by combining AHP and DEA methodologies." International Journal of Production Economics 108, no. 1 (2007): 135-142.

Linkov, Igor, F. Kyle Satterstrom, Jeffery Steevens, Elizabeth Ferguson, and Richard C. Pleus. "Multi-criteria decision analysis and environmental risk assessment for nanomaterials." Journal of Nanoparticle Research 9, no. 4 (2007): 543-554.

Nijkamp, P. (2004). Transport systems and policy. USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc.Onut, S., &Soner, S. (2008). Transshipment site selection using the AHP andTOPSIS approaches under fuzzy environment. Waste Management, 28(9),1552–1559.

American Planning Association. Planning and urban design standards. John Wiley & Sons, 2006.

Boroushaki, Soheil, and Jacek Malczewski. "Implementing an extension of the analytical hierarchy process using ordered weighted averaging operators with fuzzy quantifiers in ArcGIS." Computers & Geosciences 34, no. 4 (2008): 399-410.

Chang, Ni-Bin, G. Parvathinathan, and Jeff B. Breeden. "Combining GIS with fuzzy multicriteria decision-making for landfill siting in a fast-growing urban region." Journal of environmental management 87, no. 1 (2008): 139-153.

Charnes, Abraham, William W. Cooper, and Edwardo Rhodes. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units." European journal of operational research 2, no. 6 (1978): 429-444.

Cooper, William W., Lawrence M. Seiford, and Kaoru Tone. Data envelopment analysis: a comprehensive text with models, applications, references and DEA-solver software. Springer Science & Business Media, 2007.

Emrouznejad, Ali, Barnett R. Parker, and Gabriel Tavares. "Evaluation of research in efficiency and productivity: A survey and analysis of the first 30 years of scholarly literature in DEA." Socio-economic planning sciences 42, no. 3 (2008): 151-157.

Ballis, Athanasios. "Airport site selection based on multicriteria analysis: the case study of the island of Samothraki." Operational Research 3, no. 3 (2003): 261-279.

Dağdeviren, Metin, Serkan Yavuz, and Nevzat Kılınç. "Weapon selection using the AHP and TOPSIS methods under fuzzy environment." Expert Systems with Applications 36, no. 4 (2009): 8143-8151.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28991/cej-2015-00000002


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Saeed Monajjem, Mohammad Mahanpoor, Mohammad Sadathoseini

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.