Developing a Risk Management Framework in Construction Project Based on Agile Management Approach

Mohammed Neamah Ahmed, Sawsan Rasheed Mohammed


Construction projects in nature, carry a lot of risks, and unpredictable conditions. Thus, flexible management is required for the purpose of efficient responding to the various changes appear during their implementation. As an attempt to deal with risk in the construction project, this research aims at proposing a risk management framework in construction projects that built based on Agile management concept, which is a sequence of procedure deals with the project’ primary vision to its final delivery. The risk management framework will trace alignment and discover a contact between Agile and traditional project management concepts and find contact points among two of the more used Agile frameworks (Scrum) and one of the more confirmed project management framework (PMBOK®) processes. This will result in a recognition of comparable areas between Scrum and PMBOK® processes. The goal of the framework is to assist the project managers to adapt a more flexible approach to managing and implementing the construction project. The results proved that Agile management process from the create prioritized project backlog, sprint planning, sprint review, to sprint retrospective procedures and less time of the cycle, eliminate or mitigate many risks that lead to project challenges and failure.


Agile; Scrum; PMBOK; Construction Project; Risk.


Zavadskas, Edmundas Kazimieras, Zenonas Turskis, and Jolanta Tamošaitienė. “Risk assessment of construction projects.” Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 16, no. 1 (March 31, 2010): 33–46. doi:10.3846/jcem.2010.03.

Tamošaitienė, Jolanta. “Comprehensive Risk Assessment Model in Agile Construction Environment.” Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Construction, Time and Quality Management (2018).

Loforte Ribeiro, Francisco, and Manuela Timóteo Fernandes. “Exploring Agile Methods in Construction Small and Medium Enterprises: a Case Study.” Journal of Enterprise Information Management 23, no. 2 (February 16, 2010): 161–180. doi:10.1108/17410391011019750.

Cooke, JL.”Everything you want to know about Agile: how to get Agile results in a less-than-Agile organization”. IT Governance Ltd; (Apr 2012).

Singh, Monika, and Ruhi Saxena. “Risk Management in Agile Model.” IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering 16, no. 5 (2014): 43–46. doi:10.9790/0661-16564346.

Shrivastava, Suprika V., and Urvashi Rathod. “Categorization of Risk Factors for Distributed Agile Projects.” Information and Software Technology 58 (February 2015): 373–387. doi:10.1016/j.infsof.2014.07.007.

Tomanek, Martin, and Jan Juricek. “Project Risk Management Model Based on PRINCE2 and Scrum Frameworks.” International Journal of Software Engineering & Applications 6, no. 1 (January 31, 2015): 81–88. doi:10.5121/ijsea.2015.6107.

Andrat, Hycinta, and Shree Jaswal. “An Alternative Approach for Risk Assessment in Scrum.” 2015 International Conference on Computing and Network Communications (CoCoNet) (December 2015). doi:10.1109/coconet.2015.7411239.

Lai, Sen-Tarng. “A Maintainability Enhancement Procedure for Reducing Agile Software Development Risk.” International Journal of Software Engineering & Applications 6, no. 4 (July 30, 2015): 29–40. doi:10.5121/ijsea.2015.6403.

Siddique, Lubna, and Bassam A. Hussein. “Managing Risks in Norwegian Agile Software Projects: Project Managers´ Perspective.” International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 41, no. 2 (November 25, 2016): 56–65. doi:10.14445/22315381/ijett-v41p211.

Shrivastava, Suprika Vasudeva, and Urvashi Rathod. “A Risk Management Framework for Distributed Agile Projects.” Information and Software Technology 85 (May 2017): 1–15. doi:10.1016/j.infsof.2016.12.005.

Agrawal, Ruchi, Deepali Singh, and Ashish Sharma. “Prioritizing and Optimizing Risk Factors in Agile Software Development.” 2016 Ninth International Conference on Contemporary Computing (IC3) (August 2016). doi:10.1109/ic3.2016.7880232.

Ghobadi, Shahla, and Lars Mathiassen. “Risks to Effective Knowledge Sharing in Agile Software Teams: A Model for Assessing and Mitigating Risks.” Information Systems Journal 27, no. 6 (August 18, 2016): 699–731. doi:10.1111/isj.12117.

Ghane, Kamran. “Quantitative Planning and Risk Management of Agile Software Development.” 2017 IEEE Technology & Engineering Management Conference (TEMSCON) (June 2017). doi:10.1109/temscon.2017.7998362.

Lai, Sen-Tarng. “A User Story Quality Measurement Model for Reducing Agile Software Development Risk.” International Journal of Software Engineering & Applications 8, no. 2 (March 31, 2017): 75–86. doi:10.5121/ijsea.2017.8205.

Edza Odzaly, Edzreena, Des Greer, and Darryl Stewart. “Lightweight Risk Management: The Development of Agile Risk Tool Agents.” Proceedings of the First EAI International Conference on Computer Science and Engineering (2017). doi:10.4108/eai.27-2-2017.152346.

Galli, Brian J., and Paola Andrea Hernandez Lopez. “Risks Management in Agile New Product Development Project Environments.” International Journal of Risk and Contingency Management 7, no. 4 (October 2018): 37–67. doi:10.4018/ijrcm.2018100103.

Mousaei, Mahdi, and Taghi Javdani. “A New Project Risk Management Model Based on Scrum Framework and Prince2 Methodology.” International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications 9, no. 4 (2018). doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2018.090461.

Alhroub, Abdalla Jaber Abdalla. "Agile Project Management Practices in Palestinian IT Companies: A Managerial Framework." PhD diss., (2016).

Mohammed, Sawsan Rasheed, and Asmaa Jebur Jasim. “Examining the Values and Principles of Agile Construction Management in Iraqi Construction Projects.” Journal of Engineering 24, no. 7 (June 29, 2018): 114. doi:10.31026/j.eng.2018.07.08.

Greg S., Ahmed s.,” Becoming Agile”, Manning Publications Co., United States of America, (2009).

Gustavsson, T.,”benefits of Agile Project Management in a Non-Software Development Context – A Literature Review”, PM World Journal, Vol. V, Issue VIII, August, Karlstad University, Sweden, (2016).

Gustavsson T, Rönnlund P. Agile adoption at Ericsson hardware product development. InI 22nd NFF Nordic Academy of Management Conference (Aug 2013).

Stellman A, Greene J. Learning agile: Understanding scrum, XP, lean, and kanban. “O’Reilly Media, Inc."; (Nov 2014).

Cobb CG. The project manager's guide to mastering Agile: Principles and practices for an adaptive approach. John Wiley & Sons; (Jan 2015).

Sverrisdottir, Hrafnhildur Sif, Helgi Thor Ingason, and Haukur Ingi Jonasson. “The Role of the Product Owner in Scrum-Comparison between Theory and Practices.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 119 (March 2014): 257–267. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.03.030.

Adjei, Daniel and Rwakatiwana, Peter,” Application of Traditional and Agile Project Management in Consulting Firms”, Master thesis, UMEA University, (2009).

Project Management Institute, A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide), Sixth Edition, USA, (2017).

Satpathy, T. "A Guide to the SCRUM BODY OF KNOWLEDGE (SBOK™ Guide)." (2016).

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28991/cej-2019-03091272


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 mohammed Ne'ma

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.