Compressive Strength and Bulk Density of Concrete Hollow Blocks (CHB) with Polypropylene (PP) Pellets as Partial Replacement for Sand
Plastics are non-biodegradable and the increasing generation of plastics creates a problem of disposal. One promising approach to address this problem is to find other uses for plastics after they are used. While studies on the incorporation of waste materials in concrete abound, little attention has been given to the incorporation of plastic wastes in concrete. Also, these few studies have focused on cylindrical concrete specimens – none in online published articles, to the authors’ knowledge, has focused on concrete hollow blocks. The present study narrowed that gap by shifting the focus of research from the conventional cylindrical specimen to concrete hollow block. Thus, the main objective of the study was to assess the potential of concrete hollow blocks with PP pellets as partial replacement for sand. Polypropylene (PP), which is a subset of these plastics, were pelletized and incorporated in concrete hollow blocks as partial replacement for sand. Five batches of specimens, each with 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% PP replacement (by volume) were molded and cured for 28 days. The compressive strength and bulk density of the specimens from these batches were determined and compared. Results showed that, generally, compressive strength and bulk density decrease as percent replacement increases; however, it was observed that the compressive strength of the specimens from batch with 10% PP replacement were higher compared to batches with 0% PP replacement.
Bernardo, Eileen C. "Solid‐Waste Management Practices of Households in Manila, Philippines." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1140, no. 1 (2008): 420-424.
Aguinaldo, E.C. Country Presentation: Republic of the Philippines. Second Meeting of the Regional 3R Forum in Asia. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (2010).
Idris, Azni, Bulent Inanc, and Mohd Nassir Hassan. "Overview of waste disposal and landfills/dumps in Asian countries." Journal of material cycles and waste management 6, no. 2 (2004): 104-110.
Davis, M.L. and Masten, S.J. Principles of Environmental Engineering and Science. NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. (2009).
Antonio, L. C., Study on recyclables collection trends and best practices in the Philippines. In Kojima, M. (ed.), 3R Policies for Southeast and East Asia. ERIA Research Project Report 2009-10, Jakarta: ERIA. (2010): 40-70.
Kumar, Sunil. "A perspective study on fly ash–lime–gypsum bricks and hollow blocks for low cost housing development." Construction and Building Materials 16, no. 8 (2002): 519-525.
Madurwar, Mangesh V., Sachin A. Mandavgane, and Rahul V. Ralegaonkar. "Use of sugarcane bagasse ash as brick material." Current Science (00113891) 107, no. 6 (2014).
Patel, Mr Ankit J., Mr Harsh N. Patel, Mr Harsh R. Patel, and Mr Hardik R. Patel. "Review on use of Waste Material in Concrete." International Journal For Technological Research In Engineering 2 (2014): 307-310.
Sodupe-Ortega, E., E. Fraile-Garcia, J. Ferreiro-Cabello, and A. Sanz-Garcia. "Evaluation of crumb rubber as aggregate for automated manufacturing of rubberized long hollow blocks and bricks." Construction and Building Materials 106 (2016): 305-316.
Thomas, Blessen Skariah, and Ramesh Chandra Gupta. "Properties of high strength concrete containing scrap tire rubber." Journal of Cleaner Production 113 (2016): 86-92.
Thomas, Blessen Skariah, and Ramesh Chandra Gupta. "A comprehensive review on the applications of waste tire rubber in cement concrete." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 54 (2016): 1323-1333.
Thomas, Blessen Skariah, and Ramesh Chandra Gupta. "Mechanical properties and durability characteristics of concrete containing solid waste materials." Journal of Cleaner Production 48 (2013): 1-6.
Komaki, Mohammad Ebrahim, Amirreza Ghodrati Dolatshamloo, Mahdi Eslami, and Sahar Heydari. "Ameliorating Precast Concrete Curbs Using Rubber and Nano Material." Civil Engineering Journal 3, no. 2 (2017): 105-110.
Dodson, V. H., & Roberts, L. R., U.S. Patent No. 4,210,457. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, 1980.
Momtazi, Ali Sadr, Behzad Tahmouresi, and Reza Kohani Khoshkbijari. "An Investigation on Mechanical Properties and Durability of Concrete Containing Silica Fume and Fly Ash." Civil Engineering Journal 2, no. 5 (2016): 189-196.
Almesfer, Nasser, Chris Haigh, and Jason Ingham. "Waste paint as an admixture in concrete." Cement and Concrete Composites 34, no. 5 (2012): 627-633.
Sutcu, Mucahit, Juan José del Coz Díaz, Felipe Pedro Álvarez Rabanal, Osman Gencel, and Sedat Akkurt. "Thermal performance optimization of hollow clay bricks made up of paper waste." Energy and Buildings 75 (2014): 96-108.
Bandodkar, L. R., A. A. Gaonkar, N. D. Gaonkar, Y. P. Gauns, S. S. Aldonkar, and P. P. Savoikar. "Pulverised PET bottles as partial replacement for sand." International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering 1009 (2011): 1009-1012.
Rebeiz, K. S., and A. P. Craft. "Plastic waste management in construction: technological and institutional issues." Resources, conservation and recycling 15, no. 3-4 (1995): 245-257.
Ismail, Zainab Z., and Enas A. Al-Hashmi. "Use of waste plastic in concrete mixture as aggregate replacement." Waste Management 28, no. 11 (2008): 2041-2047.
Marzouk, O. Yazoghli, R. M. Dheilly, and M. Queneudec. "Valorization of post-consumer waste plastic in cementitious concrete composites." Waste management 27, no. 2 (2007): 310-318.
Frigione, Mariaenrica. "Recycling of PET bottles as fine aggregate in concrete." Waste management 30, no. 6 (2010): 1101-1106.
Sharma, Raju, and Prem Pal Bansal. "Use of different forms of waste plastic in concrete–a review." Journal of Cleaner Production 112 (2016): 473-482.
Choi, Yun-Wang, Dae-Joong Moon, Jee-Seung Chung, and Sun-Kyu Cho. "Effects of waste PET bottles aggregate on the properties of concrete." Cement and concrete research 35, no. 4 (2005): 776-781.
American Society for Testing and Materials., Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), and Absorption of Coarse Aggregate, ASTM C127, Annual book of ASTM standards, 2006.
American Society for Testing and Materials., Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Concrete Masonry Units and Related Units, ASTM C140, Annual book of ASTM standards, 2006.
Matthews, Frank L., and Rees D. Rawlings. Composite materials: engineering and science. Elsevier, 1999.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2017 Marloe Baclayon Sundo, Jonathan David Lasco, Marish Madlangbayan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.