Correlation between Chemical and Index Properties of Soils of Hyderabad Region

Hemu Karira, Aneel Kumar, Anees Raja, Ali Murtaza


Each soil has unique nature of the characteristics and its properties are beyond the control of the designer. Since the soil parameters varies from site to site or location to location, thus selecting the reliable properties of soil is always a challenge for the Geotechnical Engineers. One of the option is intense soil investigations. However, there are various soil properties whose determination is time consuming and expansive. Geotechnical Engineer usually tries to develop mathematical equations specific to a particular soil type. However, a mathematical formula that is more reliable for the type of soil in which the link is genuine. In the light of above discussion, index and chemical properties were not investigated in most of the areas of Hyderabad region. Also correlation between chemical and index properties were not investigated. Correlation between chemical and index properties were not well understood. Thus it is important to develop the appropriate mathematical equations to be able to access the local area. The aim of this study is to determine index and chemical properties of soil selected from different locations of Hyderabad Region and also develop correlation between chemical and index properties of soils of Hyderabad region. Regression analysis have been carried out between Index and chemical properties. Such correlations may be of use to geotechnical engineers, in preliminary estimates of index and chemical properties of soils Hyderabad region and perhaps reduce testing requirements. The data obtained from independent laboratory tests on soils sourced from several locations in Hyderabad region were subjected to regression analysis after the samples had been grouped in A-4, A-6, and A-7-6 using AASHTO classification system. The derived Regression equations can be used to estimate the index and chemical properties of soils in Hyderabad region.


Index Properties; Chemical Properties; AASHTO Classification System; Regression Analysis.


Yusof, Mohd, Khairul Nizar, Yee Loon Lee, Phei Guan Phuai, Ahmad Tajuddin, and Saiful Azhar. "The correlations between chemical and index properties for soft clay of Peninsular Malaysia." (2006).

Terzaghi, K., Peck, R. B., & Mesri, G. (1996). Soil mechanics in engineering practice. John Wiley & Sons.

Skempton, A. W., and O. T. Jones. “Notes on the Compressibility of Clays.” Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 100, no. 1–4 (January 1, 1944): 119–135. doi:10.1144/gsl.jgs.1944.100.01-04.08.

Bujang, K. H., Ahmad Jusoh, and Shukri Maail. "Pengenalan Mekanik Tanah”." Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur (1991).

Mitchell, K. J. “Fundamentals of Soil Behaviour”. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, United States of America. 1993.

Tajudin, S. A. A. “Mineralogy and Soft Clay Microstructure in Peninsular Malaysia.” Universiti Teknologi Malaysia: Thesis, 2004.

Lashkaripour, Gholam Reza, and E. K. S. Passaris. "Correlations between index parameters and mechanical properties of shales." In 8th ISRM Congress. International Society for Rock Mechanics, 1995.

Iqbal, F., Kumar, A. “Correlation between CBR and Index properties of Jamshoro soil”. Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, 2018, 37(1): 177 – 190. doi: 10.22581/muet1982.1801.16.

Carter, Michael, and Stephen P. Bentley. “Soil Properties and Their Correlations” (September 20, 2016). doi:10.1002/9781119130888.

. P.G. Rakaraddi. “Establishing Relationship between CBR with Different Soil Properties.” International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology 04, no. 02 (February 25, 2015): 182–188. doi:10.15623/ijret.2015.0402023.

Obasi, N. L., and A. J. Anyaegbunam. "Correlation of the Undrained Shear Strength." Nigerian Journal of Technology 24, no. 2 (2005): 1-11.

PATEL, M., and Dr HS Patel. "Correlation between physical properties and California Bearing Ratio test on soils of Gujarat Region in both soak and unsoak condition." International journal of civil engineering and technology 3, no. 2 (2012): 50-59.

Bery, A. A. and Ismail, N. El. H. “Empirical Correlation between Electrical Resistivity and Engineering Properties of Soils.” Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, 2018, 54(6): 425 – 429. 10.1007/s11204-018-9491-7

Gurtug, Yesim, and A. Sridharan. “Compaction Behaviour and Prediction Of Its Characteristics Of Fine Grained Soils With Particular Reference To Compaction Energy.” Soils and Foundations 44, No. 5 (2004): 27–36. doi:10.3208/Sandf.44.5_27.

Fakher, Ali, Colin J. F. P. Jones, and Barry G. Clarke. “Yield Stress of Super Soft Clays.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 125, no. 6 (June 1999): 499–509. doi:10.1061/(asce)1090-0241(1999)125:6(499).

Kumar, A. and Khaskheli, G. B. “Improving CBR value and swelling potential of Jamshoro soil by Cement”, 7th Regional Symposium on infrastructure development, at Department of Civil Engineering, kasetasrt University, Bangkok Thailand. (2015).

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28991/cej-03091201


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Hemu karira

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.