Experimental Assessment of Mineral Filler on the Volumetric Properties and Mechanical Performance of HMA Mixtures
This research is conducted to evaluate the influence of mineral filler on the volumetric properties, mechanical and field performance of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA). Two mineral filler types, namely, Hydrated Lime (HL) and Dust Plant (DPt) were used. Three filler proportions were utilized greater than 1% which represents the most applicable percentage, especially for HL, used by the Ministry of Transportation Ontario (MTO). The effect of filler on various volumetric properties including Voids In Mineral Aggregates (VMA), Voids Filled With Asphalt (VFA), dust to binder ratio (Dp) is examined. Mechanical and predicted field performance of HMA to the best filler proportion that meets all the MTO limitations is also investigated. The obtained results indicated that the Optimum Asphalt Content (OAC), VMA, and VFA decrease as the filler content is increased. HMA mixtures that includes DPt filler had the higher values of VMA, VFA, and OAC compared to the hydrated lime. The addition of filler with 2.5% percentage is very successful for both filler types due to satisfying all MTO requirements for volumetric properties of HMA. Based on MTO specifications, the addition of 2.0% filler seems to be unsuccessful for both filler types due to lowering the Dp ratio. Mix design with 3.0% filler was also unsuccessful because of the lower value of OAC meaning that the mix is dry and there is insufficient asphalt binder to coat the aggregate particles. Besides, filler type has a significant effect on the mechanical properties of the HMA mixtures. As a filler in HMA mixtures, the utilization of HL as a portion of 2.5 % leads to a significant improvement in mixture resistance to water and freezing and thawing. The mixtures that included HL have a higher cracking resistance, greater stiffness, and a higher fracture stress than the mixtures that included DPt. Furthermore, predicted field performance indicated better outcomes for mixes with HL compared to DPt mixes.
Full Text: PDF
Liu, Jenny, Sheng Zhao, Peng Li, and Steve Saboundjian. “Variability of Composition, Volumetric, and Mechanic Properties of Hot Mix Asphalt for Quality Assurance.” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 29, no. 3 (March 2017). doi:10.1061/(asce)mt.1943-5533.0001481.
Poulikakos, L.D., C. Papadaskalopoulou, B. Hofko, F. Gschösser, A. Cannone Falchetto, M. Bueno, M. Arraigada, et al. “Harvesting the Unexplored Potential of European Waste Materials for Road Construction.” Resources, Conservation and Recycling 116 (January 2017): 32–44. doi:10.1016/j.resconrec.2016.09.008.
Arabani, M., and A.R. Azarhoosh. “The Effect of Recycled Concrete Aggregate and Steel Slag on the Dynamic Properties of Asphalt Mixtures.” Construction and Building Materials 35 (October 2012): 1–7. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.02.036.
Anderson, R. Michael, and Hussain U. Bahia. “Evaluation and Selection of Aggregate Gradations for Asphalt Mixtures Using Superpave.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1583, no. 1 (January 1997): 91–97. doi:10.3141/1583-11.
Al-Bayati, Hanaa Khaleel Alwan, Susan L. Tighe, and Jessica Achebe. “Influence of Recycled Concrete Aggregate on Volumetric Properties of Hot Mix Asphalt.” Resources, Conservation and Recycling 130 (March 2018): 200–214. doi:10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.11.027.
Santos-Bardini, V. S., J. L. Fernandez-Junior, and L. M. Gutierrez-Klinsky. "Influence of mineral filler on volumetric properties of hot mix asphalt." In International journal of pavements conference, Sao Paolo. (2013).
Hislop, W. P. “Influence of Aggregate Type and Gradation on Critical Voids in the Mineral Aggregate in Asphalt Paving Mixtures”. Doctoral dissertation. Iowa State University, Iowa, USA, (2000).
OPSS (Ontario Provincial Standard Specification). "Material Specification for Superpave and Stone Mastic Asphalt Mixtures" OPSS 1151. Ontario Ministry of Transportation, ON, Canada, (2007).
Read, J., and Whiteoak, D. “The Shell Bitumen Handbook, 5th edition” (2003). doi:10.1680/sbh.32200.
Zulkati, Anggraini, Wong Yiik Diew, and Darren Sun Delai. “Effects of Fillers on Properties of Asphalt-Concrete Mixture.” Journal of Transportation Engineering 138, no. 7 (July 2012): 902–910. doi:10.1061/(asce)te.1943-5436.0000395.
Huang, Baoshan, Xiang Shu, and Xingwei Chen. “Effects of Mineral Fillers on Hot-Mix Asphalt Laboratory-Measured Properties.” International Journal of Pavement Engineering 8, no. 1 (March 2007): 1–9. doi:10.1080/10298430600819170.
Remisova, E. “Study of Mineral Filler Effect on Asphalt Mixtures Properties.” Bituminous Mixtures and Pavements VI (May 21, 2015): 49–53. doi:10.1201/b18538-9.
Taylor, R, and G Airey. “Influence of Surface Interactions between Bitumen and Mineral Fillers on the Rheology of Bitumen-Filler Mastics.” Efficient Transportation and Pavement Systems (October 28, 2008): 4-38. doi:10.1201/9780203881200.ch42.
Lesueur, Didier. “The Colloidal Structure of Bitumen: Consequences on the Rheology and on the Mechanisms of Bitumen Modification.” Advances in Colloid and Interface Science 145, no. 1–2 (January 2009): 42–82. doi:10.1016/j.cis.2008.08.011.
Epps, J. A., & Little, D. N. "The benefits of Hydrated Lime in Hot Mix Asphalt.". Arlington (Virginia, USA): National Lime Association, (2001).
Sutradhar, D., Miah, M., Chowdhury, G. J., & Sobhan, M. A. “Effect of Using Waste Material as Filler in Bituminous Mix Design.” American Journal of Civil Engineering 3, no. 3 (2015): 88-94. doi:10.11648/j.ajce.20150303.16.
Hamedi, Gholam Hossein, Mohsen Sohrabi, and Farhad Sakanlou. “Comparing the Effect of Nanomaterial and Traditional Fillers on the Asphalt Mixture Properties.” Civil Engineering Journal 5, no. 2 (February 27, 2019): 320-331. doi:10.28991/cej-2019-03091247.
Tayebali, Akhtarhusein A., Glen A. Malpass, and N. Paul Khosla. “Effect of Mineral Filler Type and Amount on Design and Performance of Asphalt Concrete Mixtures.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1609, no. 1 (January 1998): 36–43. doi:10.3141/1609-05.
Lesueur, Didier, and Dallas N. Little. “Effect of Hydrated Lime on Rheology, Fracture, and Aging of Bitumen.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1661, no. 1 (January 1999): 93–105. doi:10.3141/1661-14.
Gorkem, Cagri, and Burak Sengoz. “Predicting Stripping and Moisture Induced Damage of Asphalt Concrete Prepared with Polymer Modified Bitumen and Hydrated Lime.” Construction and Building Materials 23, no. 6 (June 2009): 2227–2236. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2008.12.001.
Wu, Shaopeng, Jiqing Zhu, Jinjun Zhong, and Dongming Wang. “Experimental Investigation on Related Properties of Asphalt Mastic Containing Recycled Red Brick Powder.” Construction and Building Materials 25, no. 6 (June 2011): 2883–2887. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.12.040.
Brown, ER, JL McRae, and AB Crawley. “Effect of Aggregates on Performance of Bituminous Concrete.” Implication of Aggregates in the Design, Construction, and Performance of Flexible Pavements (1989): 30–34. doi:10.1520/stp24555s.
Kandhal, Prithvi S., Cynthia Y. Lynn, and Frazier Parker. “Characterization Tests for Mineral Fillers Related to Performance of Asphalt Paving Mixtures.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board 1638, no. 1 (January 1998): 101–110. doi:10.3141/1638-12.
Muniandy, Ratnasamy, Eltaher Aburkaba, and L. Mahdi. "Effect of mineral filler type and particle size on asphalt-filler mastic and stone mastic asphalt laboratory measured properties." Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 7, no. 11 (2013): 475-787.
Sebaaly, P. E., Little, D. N., & Epps, J. A. “The benefits of hydrated lime in hot mix asphalt”. (2006).
Patil, S. B., Khot, A. A., Yadav, D. P., Bachal, R. B., & Patil, P. M. "Effect of Filler and Aggregate on Bituminous Paving Mixes." International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) 03 (05) (2016): 2372-2375.
Kar, D., Panda, M., & Giri, J. P. "Influence of Fly Ash as a Filler in Bituminous Mixes." ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 9(6) (2014): 895-900.
Priyanka, B. D., Kumar, P. A., Dedeepya, K., Shabuddin, A., & Rao, S. K. “Use of Fly Ash as Mineral Filler for Bituminous Paving Mixes.” International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology 04, no. 13 (February 25, 2015): 56–60. doi:10.15623/ijret.2015.0413010.
Lesueur, D., Denayer, C., Ritter, H. J., Kunesch, C., Gasiorowski, S., & d’Alto, A. “The use of hydrated lime in the formulation of asphalt mixtures: European case studies.” In Proceedings of the E&E Congress (2016). doi:10.14311/ee.2016.201.
Asphalt Institute. "The Asphalt Handbook" Manual Series No. 4, 7th Edition. Lexington, Kentucky: Asphalt Institute, (2010).
Gul, W, A. “Effect of Recycled Cement Concrete Content on Rutting Behaviour of Asphalt Concrete”, Doctoral dissertation, Middle East Technical University, Ankara (2008).
NCHRP (National Cooperative Highway Research Program). “Improved Conditioning and Testing Procedures for HMA Moisture Susceptibility.” NCHRP Proj. Rep. 589, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington DC (2007).
AASHTO TP10-93, “Standard Test Method for Thermal Stress Restrained Specimen Tensile Strength” American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington DC, (1993).
Mehari, Z.B. “Effect of Different Types of Filler Materials on Characteristics of Hot Mix Asphalt Concrete” M.Sc. thesis. Addis Ababa Uinv., Ethiopia (2007).
Lee, Sangyum, Sungho Mun, and Y. Richard Kim. “Fatigue and Rutting Performance of Lime-Modified Hot-Mix Asphalt Mixtures.” Construction and Building Materials 25, no. 11 (November 2011): 4202–4209. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.04.059.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). “Superpave Fundamentals Reference Manual” U.S. Department of Transportation. NHI Course# 131053.
Mehari, Z.B., “Effect of Different Types of Filler Materials on Characteristics of Hot Mix Asphalt Concrete.” M.Sc. Thesis. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia (2007).
Özen, Halit. “Rutting Evaluation of Hydrated Lime and SBS Modified Asphalt Mixtures for Laboratory and Field Compacted Samples.” Construction and Building Materials 25, no. 2 (February 2011): 756–765. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.07.010.
Sengul, Celaleddin E., Atakan Aksoy, Erol Iskender, and Halit Ozen. “Hydrated Lime Treatment of Asphalt Concrete to Increase Permanent Deformation Resistance.” Construction and Building Materials 30 (May 2012): 139–148. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.12.031.
AASHTO “Mechanistic Empirical Pavement Design Guide: A Manual Practice” Interim, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Interim. United States of America: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (2008).
ARA, Inc., ERES Consultants Division. “Guide for Mechanistic-Empirical Design of New and Rehabilitated Pavement Structures, NCHRP 1-37A Final Report”. ERES Consultants Division, Transportation research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. (2004).
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 Hanaa Khaleel Alwan Al-Bayati
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.